Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius provides a backdrop to the city of Naples. The modern cone of Vesuvius is flanked on the left by Monte Somma, the rim of a caldera that formed about 17,000 years ago. Eight major explosive eruptions have occurred since, including the 79 CE eruption that destroyed Pompeii and other towns. A period of frequent, long-duration eruptions began in 1631. The latest eruption of Vesuvius was in 1944. Photo by Dan Dzurisin, 1983 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:211020
Volcano Name:Vesuvius
Country:Italy
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1944
Elevation:1281m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:19162
Pop. within 10km:675705
Pop. within 30km:3907941
Pop. within 100km:6009961
Latitude:40.821
Longitude:14.426



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
211020 Vesuvius 10042 Confirmed Eruption 5 Mercato Pumice Radiocarbon (corrected) -6940
211020 Vesuvius 10043 Confirmed Eruption 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) -2420
211020 Vesuvius 10045 Confirmed Eruption 4 AP1 tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) -1550
211020 Vesuvius 10046 Confirmed Eruption 4 AP2 tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) -1430
211020 Vesuvius 10047 Confirmed Eruption 4 AP3 tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) -880
211020 Vesuvius 10048 Confirmed Eruption 3 Anthropology -600
211020 Vesuvius 10049 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? AP6 tephra Historical Observations -217 -216
211020 Vesuvius 10050 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? Historical Observations 79/10/24 79/10/28
211020 Vesuvius 10051 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 172
211020 Vesuvius 10052 Confirmed Eruption 4 P Historical Observations 203
211020 Vesuvius 10053 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 222 235
211020 Vesuvius 10054 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 303
211020 Vesuvius 10055 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 379 395
211020 Vesuvius 13308 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 472/11/5 472/11/6
211020 Vesuvius 13309 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 505/11/9
211020 Vesuvius 13310 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Historical Observations 512/7/8
211020 Vesuvius 13311 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 536
211020 Vesuvius 13314 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 685 685
211020 Vesuvius 13315 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and south flank Historical Observations 787/10/15 788/1/15
211020 Vesuvius 13316 Confirmed Eruption 0 ? South flank Magnetism 860
211020 Vesuvius 13317 Confirmed Eruption 0 ? South and west (Tironi) flanks Magnetism 900
211020 Vesuvius 13318 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 968/12/1
211020 Vesuvius 13319 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 991
211020 Vesuvius 13320 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and south flank (Fossamonaca) Historical Observations 999
211020 Vesuvius 13321 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1006/12/31
211020 Vesuvius 13322 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and south flank (I Monticelli?) Historical Observations 1037/1/27
211020 Vesuvius 13323 Uncertain Eruption 1 1049
211020 Vesuvius 13324 Uncertain Eruption 3 1073
211020 Vesuvius 13325 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1139/6/1 1139/6/9
211020 Vesuvius 13326 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1150
211020 Vesuvius 13327 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1270
211020 Vesuvius 13328 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1347
211020 Vesuvius 13329 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1500
211020 Vesuvius 13330 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1570 1572
211020 Vesuvius 13332 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? Summit, SW and S flanks Historical Observations 1631/12/16 1632/1/31
211020 Vesuvius 13333 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1637/7/1 1652
211020 Vesuvius 13334 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1654/2/25 1680/3/28
211020 Vesuvius 13335 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1682/8/12 1682/8/22
211020 Vesuvius 13336 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1685/10/3 1694/4/29
211020 Vesuvius 13337 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1696/7/31 1696/8/14
211020 Vesuvius 13338 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1697/9/15 1698
211020 Vesuvius 13339 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and SW flank Historical Observations 1701/7/1 1707/8/22
211020 Vesuvius 13340 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, upper east and south flanks Historical Observations 1708/8/14 1723/7/8
211020 Vesuvius 13341 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1724/9/4 1730/4/1
211020 Vesuvius 13342 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit and SW flank Historical Observations 1732/12/25 1737/6/4
211020 Vesuvius 13343 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1742 1743
211020 Vesuvius 13344 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, upper SE, E and lower S flanks Historical Observations 1744 1761/1/6
211020 Vesuvius 13345 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, upper SW, SE, and NNW flanks Historical Observations 1764 1767/10/27
211020 Vesuvius 13346 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit, N, NE, SE and E flanks Historical Observations 1770/2/15 1779/10/4
211020 Vesuvius 13349 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit and SW flank (550-300 m) Historical Observations 1783/8/18 1794/7/5
211020 Vesuvius 13350 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit and upper flanks Historical Observations 1796 1822/11/16
211020 Vesuvius 13351 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, upper E and S flanks Historical Observations 1824/7/2 1834/9/2
211020 Vesuvius 13352 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, upper east and west flanks Historical Observations 1835 1839/1/3
211020 Vesuvius 13353 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit, upper N and E flanks Historical Observations 1841/9/20 1850/2/16
211020 Vesuvius 13354 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and upper N flank Historical Observations 1854/12/14 1855/5/27
211020 Vesuvius 13355 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and SW flank (300-225 m) Historical Observations 1855/12/19 1861/12/31
211020 Vesuvius 13357 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and upper SE flank Historical Observations 1864/2/10 1868/11/26
211020 Vesuvius 13358 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and upper NW and south flanks Historical Observations 1870 1872/4/30
211020 Vesuvius 13359 Uncertain Eruption 1 1874
211020 Vesuvius 13360 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Summit and upper flanks Historical Observations 1875/12/18 1906/4/22
211020 Vesuvius 13361 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and upper flanks Historical Observations 1913/7/5 1944/4/4
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Vesuvio (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Fumaroles and soil diffuse CO2 at Vesuvio volcano
Hazard Description: not evaluated
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Campania, Italy
Country: Italy
Volcanic Complex: Vesuvio
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Vesuvio_01052000 Detail CO2 151 151 Mg/d