Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Meru
Meru volcano (upper right), Africa's fourth highest mountain, is seen from the ice-covered summit plateau of neighboring Kilimanjaro volcano. The 4565-m-high Meru stratovolcano is cut by a 5-km-wide breached caldera on the east side that formed about 7800 years ago when the summit of the volcano collapsed. A massive debris avalanche and lahar traveled to the east as far as the western flank of Kilimanjaro volcano. Photo by Tom Jorstad, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:222160
Volcano Name:Meru
Country:Tanzania
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1910
Elevation:4565m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:2506
Pop. within 30km:828942
Pop. within 100km:2375631
Latitude:-3.25
Longitude:36.75



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
222160 Meru 14031 Confirmed Eruption 4 P Meru caldera Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -5850
222160 Meru 14032 Confirmed Eruption 2 Dome NW of Ash Cone Historical Observations 1878
222160 Meru 14033 Confirmed Eruption 0 Dome NW of Ash Cone Historical Observations 1886
222160 Meru 14034 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ash Cone Historical Observations 1910/10/26 1910/12/22
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.