Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Nyamuragira
The summit of Nyamuragira volcano is truncated by 2 x 2.3 km wide caldera whose floor is partially covered by unvegetated historical lava flows. This view from above the SW caldera rim shows a pit crater on the far side of the caldera at the upper left that was the site of a lava lake, active since at least 1921, which drained in 1938 at the time of a major flank eruption. Africa's most active volcano, 3058-m-high Nyamuragira rises about 25 km north of Lake Kivu NW of Nyiragongo volcano. Photo by Simon Carn, 2004 (TOMS Volcanic Emissions Group, University of Maryland, Baltimore County).
Volcano Number:223020
Volcano Name:Nyamuragira
Country:DR Congo
Volcano Type:Shield
Last Eruption:2017
Elevation:3058m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:3751
Pop. within 10km:27027
Pop. within 30km:711356
Pop. within 100km:8333476
Latitude:-1.408
Longitude:29.2



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
223020 Nyamuragira 14038 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 1550
223020 Nyamuragira 14039 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1865
223020 Nyamuragira 14040 Confirmed Eruption North flank Historical Observations 1882
223020 Nyamuragira 14041 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1894
223020 Nyamuragira 14042 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1896
223020 Nyamuragira 14043 Confirmed Eruption 1 NNW fissure zone Historical Observations 1899
223020 Nyamuragira 14044 Confirmed Eruption 2 East flank (Singiro) Historical Observations 1901
223020 Nyamuragira 14045 Confirmed Eruption 0 SSE fissure zone Historical Observations 1902/4/22
223020 Nyamuragira 14046 Confirmed Eruption 2 SW flank (Nahimbi) Historical Observations 1904 1904/5/16
223020 Nyamuragira 14047 Confirmed Eruption 2 East flank (Kanamaharagi) Historical Observations 1905/7/22 1905/9/25
223020 Nyamuragira 14048 Uncertain Eruption 1 Summit caldera 1906
223020 Nyamuragira 14049 Confirmed Eruption 1 Summit caldera Historical Observations 1907 1907
223020 Nyamuragira 14050 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit caldera Historical Observations 1907/11/7 1907/12/5
223020 Nyamuragira 14051 Confirmed Eruption Summit caldera Historical Observations 1908
223020 Nyamuragira 14052 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Summit caldera Historical Observations 1909 1909
223020 Nyamuragira 14053 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Rumoka), and summit Historical Observations 1912/12/3 1913
223020 Nyamuragira 14054 Confirmed Eruption 0 SSW flank (Lake Kivu) Historical Observations 1920
223020 Nyamuragira 14055 Confirmed Eruption 0 Caldera Historical Observations 1921 1938/1/17
223020 Nyamuragira 14056 Confirmed Eruption 1 Summit, SE and SW flanks (Tshambene) Historical Observations 1938/1/28 1940/6/25
223020 Nyamuragira 14057 Confirmed Eruption 2 SW flank (Gituro, Muhuboli), N flank Historical Observations 1948/3/1 1948/7/15
223020 Nyamuragira 14058 Confirmed Eruption 1 SW flank (Gituro) Historical Observations 1951/7/25 1951/7/28
223020 Nyamuragira 14059 Confirmed Eruption 2 NNW fissure zone (Shabubembe-Ndakaza) Historical Observations 1951/11/16 1952/1/16
223020 Nyamuragira 14060 Confirmed Eruption 1 SSE fissure zone (Mihaga) Historical Observations 1954/2/21 1954/5/28
223020 Nyamuragira 14061 Confirmed Eruption 1 Summit caldera and NNW fissure zone Historical Observations 1956/11/17 1956/11/18
223020 Nyamuragira 14064 Confirmed Eruption 0 Summit caldera and SSE fissure zone Historical Observations 1957/12/28
223020 Nyamuragira 14065 Confirmed Eruption 2 North flank (Kitsimbanyi), NNW rift Historical Observations 1958/8/7 1958/11/21
223020 Nyamuragira 14066 Confirmed Eruption 2 North flank (Gakararanga) Historical Observations 1967/4/23 1967/5/9
223020 Nyamuragira 14067 Confirmed Eruption 3 WNW flank (Rugarama) Historical Observations 1971/3/24 1971/5/5
223020 Nyamuragira 14068 Confirmed Eruption 1 SSW flank (Murara and Harakandi) Historical Observations 1976/12/23 1977/6/15
223020 Nyamuragira 14069 Confirmed Eruption 3 North flank (Gasenyi) Historical Observations 1980/1/30 1980/2/24
223020 Nyamuragira 14070 Confirmed Eruption 3 SE flank (Rugarambiro) Historical Observations 1981/12/25 1982/1/14
223020 Nyamuragira 14071 Confirmed Eruption 2 NW flank (Kivandimwe) Historical Observations 1984/2/23 1984/3/14
223020 Nyamuragira 14073 Confirmed Eruption 2 South flank (near Kitazungurwa) Historical Observations 1986/7/16 1986/8/20
223020 Nyamuragira 14074 Confirmed Eruption 1 North Flank (Gafuranindi) Historical Observations 1987/12/30 1988/1/4
223020 Nyamuragira 14075 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, SE and East flank Historical Observations 1989/4/24 1989/8/15
223020 Nyamuragira 14076 Confirmed Eruption 3 NE flank 1530 m (Mikombe) Historical Observations 1991/9/20 1993/2/8
223020 Nyamuragira 14077 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? West flank (Kimera) and summit Historical Observations 1994/7/4 1994/8/25
223020 Nyamuragira 14078 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1996/12/1 1996/12/5
223020 Nyamuragira 14079 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1998/10/17 1998/10/25
223020 Nyamuragira 14080 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? SE flank (Ngerageze) Historical Observations 2000/1/27 2000/2/10
223020 Nyamuragira 14081 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? North and SSE flanks Historical Observations 2001/2/6 2001/4/5
223020 Nyamuragira 14082 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Summit caldera, north & south flanks Historical Observations 2002/7/25 2002/9/16
223020 Nyamuragira 14083 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Summit and NNW flank Historical Observations 2004/5/8 2004/5/28
223020 Nyamuragira 14084 Confirmed Eruption 2 South flank Historical Observations 2006/11/27 2006/12/5
223020 Nyamuragira 14085 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Summit caldera and SSE flank Historical Observations 2010/1/2 2010/1/29
223020 Nyamuragira 20801 Confirmed Eruption 2 NW flank Historical Observations 2011/11/6 2012/3/16
223020 Nyamuragira 20942 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 2014/5/30 2016/5/14
223020 Nyamuragira 22202 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 2016/11/27 2017/5/2
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
37 884 1980/01/31 1980/01/31
38 4122 1981/12/25 1981/12/25
39 1384 1984/02/23 1984/02/23
40 983 1986/07/16 1986/07/16
41 28 1987/12/31 1987/12/31
42 2105 1989/04/24 1989/04/24
43 858 1991/09/22 1991/09/22
44 1514 1994/07/05 1994/07/05
45 887 1996/12/01 1996/12/01
46 2513 1998/10/17 1998/10/17
47 317 2000/01/28 2000/01/28
48 1651 2001/02/06 2001/02/06
49 2321 2002/07/25 2002/07/25
50 2587 2004/05/08 2004/05/08
51 675 2006/11/27 2006/11/27
52 601 2010/01/02 2010/01/02
53 1719 2011/11/07 2011/11/07


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.