Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Nyiragongo
One of Africa's most notable volcanoes, Nyiragongo is seen here from the south across Lake Kivu at Peyer Yard in Rwanda. Nyiragongo contained a lava lake in its deep summit crater that was active for half a century before draining suddenly in 1977. In contrast to the low profile of its neighboring shield volcano, Nyamuragira, 3470-m-high Nyiragongo displays the steep slopes of a stratovolcano. About 100 parasitic cones are located primarily along radial fissures east of the summit and along a NE-SW zone extending as far as Lake Kivu. Photo by B. Martinelli, 1994 (courtesy of Jack Lockwood, U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:223030
Volcano Name:Nyiragongo
Country:DR Congo
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2018
Elevation:3470m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:2416
Pop. within 10km:31145
Pop. within 30km:1006436
Pop. within 100km:9087529
Latitude:-1.52
Longitude:29.25



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No eruption data found for this volcano.
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
54 30 2002/01/17 2002/01/17


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Nyiragongo (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Nyiragongo volcano (3469 m) is located on the western branch of the East African Rift System, approximately 18 km north of the city of Goma (pop. 600,000), in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its summit crater is about 1.3 km in diameter and it currently hosts the world’s largest (about 200 m diameter) persistent lava lake, which is perched 1.5 km above the altitude of Goma.
Hazard Description: In 1977, the first historical effusive eruption occurred when N-S oriented fractures opened on both the northern and southern flanks of Nyiragongo at elevations between 2700 m and 2200 m. The lava lake, which had been 155 m below the crater rim before the eruption, drained completely, leaving an empty crater 1000 m deep. Lava flows, raced down the flanks of the volcano reaching speeds of up to 60 km h-1, inundating several villages and a significant amount of agricultural land. Between 74 and 400 people were killed.
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: North-Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Volcanic Complex: Nyiragongo
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Nyiragongo_18052005 Detail CO2 11897.28 0 Mg/d
Nyiragongo_18052005 Detail SO2 3317.76 0 Mg/d
Nyiragongo_06012006 Detail CO2 6730.56 0 Mg/d
Nyiragongo_06012006 Detail SO2 1952.64 0 Mg/d