Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: McDonald Islands
Three small, low islands on the Kerguelen Plateau form the McDonald Islands. The largest island, McDonald, is only 1 sq km in area and 186 m high. This April 1997 photo shows steam venting at Samarang Hill (right). McDonald Island is composed of a layered phonolitic tuff plateau cut by phonolitic dikes and lava domes. A possible nearby active submarine center was inferred from phonolitic pumice that washed up on Heard Island in 1992. The snow-capped peak in the background is Heard volcano, 44 km to the east. Copyrighted photo by Richard Williams, 1997 (Australian Antarctic Div., published in Global Volcanism Network Bulletin).
Volcano Number:234011
Volcano Name:McDonald Islands
Country:Australia
Volcano Type:Complex
Last Eruption:2005
Elevation:230m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:0
Latitude:-53.03
Longitude:72.6



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
234011 McDonald Islands 14395 Confirmed Eruption 0 Submarine vent near McDonald Islands Historical Observations 1992/12/16
234011 McDonald Islands 14396 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Northern part of McDonald Island Historical Observations 1996/12/16 1997/2/10
234011 McDonald Islands 14397 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 2001/5/3
234011 McDonald Islands 14398 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? 2004/11/14 2004/11/14
234011 McDonald Islands 14399 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 2005/7/12
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.