Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Tongariro
Snow-capped Ngauruhoe is a small 2291-m-high stratovolcano that was constructed during the past 2500 years. The symmetrical volcano, seen here from the NE, rises 800 m above its surroundings and is the highest peak of the Tongariro volcanic center. Tongariro is a large andesitic volcanic massif, located immediately NE of Ruapehu volcano, that is comprised of more than a dozen composite cones. Frequent explosive eruptions have been recorded from Ngauruhoe since its first historical activity in 1839. Photo by Don Swanson, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:241080
Volcano Name:Tongariro
Country:New Zealand
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano(es)
Last Eruption:2012
Elevation:1978m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:27
Pop. within 10km:286
Pop. within 30km:7591
Pop. within 100km:81567
Latitude:-39.157
Longitude:175.632



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
241080 Tongariro 13432 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1864 1865
241080 Tongariro 13433 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE flank (Upper Te Mari Crater) Historical Observations 1869
241080 Tongariro 13434 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1869
241080 Tongariro 13547 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1844 1845
241080 Tongariro 13548 Confirmed Eruption 2 SSE flank (Red Crater) Historical Observations 1855
241080 Tongariro 13549 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1857 1857
241080 Tongariro 13550 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? SSE flank (Red Crater) Historical Observations 1859/4/21
241080 Tongariro 13551 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1862
241080 Tongariro 13552 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1863 1864
241080 Tongariro 13553 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (NW sub-crater) Historical Observations 1870 1870
241080 Tongariro 13554 Uncertain Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe 1875/10/1
241080 Tongariro 13555 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (NW sub-crater) Historical Observations 1878/9/1
241080 Tongariro 13556 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1881/7/6
241080 Tongariro 13557 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1883/4/25
241080 Tongariro 13558 Confirmed Eruption 1 SSE flank (Red Crater) Historical Observations 1885 1887
241080 Tongariro 13559 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE flank (upper Te Mari Crater) Historical Observations 1886
241080 Tongariro 13560 Uncertain Eruption 1 SSE flank (Red Crater) 1890
241080 Tongariro 13561 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1892 1892
241080 Tongariro 13562 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1892 1892
241080 Tongariro 13563 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE flank (upper Te Mari Crater) Historical Observations 1892/11/30
241080 Tongariro 13564 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE flank (upper Te Mari Crater) Historical Observations 1896 1896/12/26
241080 Tongariro 13565 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1897
241080 Tongariro 13566 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1898
241080 Tongariro 13567 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1904/11/22
241080 Tongariro 13568 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1905
241080 Tongariro 13569 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1906
241080 Tongariro 13570 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1907 1907
241080 Tongariro 14411 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1925 1925
241080 Tongariro 14555 Confirmed Eruption UT1 tephra Radiocarbon (corrected) -9850
241080 Tongariro 14556 Confirmed Eruption 5 Saddle Cone to Half Cone Tephrochronology -9650
241080 Tongariro 14557 Confirmed Eruption 5 Saddle cone area to Half Cone Radiocarbon (corrected) -9450
241080 Tongariro 14558 Confirmed Eruption 5 Tama Lakes to Te Mari Tephrochronology -9350
241080 Tongariro 14559 Confirmed Eruption 5 Ngauruhoe and Red Crater Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -550
241080 Tongariro 14560 Confirmed Eruption Upper Te Mari Craters Tephrochronology 1500
241080 Tongariro 14561 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1839 1839
241080 Tongariro 14562 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1841
241080 Tongariro 14563 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1907
241080 Tongariro 14564 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1909 1909
241080 Tongariro 14565 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1910
241080 Tongariro 14566 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1910 1911
241080 Tongariro 14567 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1913
241080 Tongariro 14568 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1913
241080 Tongariro 14569 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1914 1914
241080 Tongariro 14570 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1917 1917
241080 Tongariro 14571 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1924/1/9 1924/1/30
241080 Tongariro 14572 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1924/5/22
241080 Tongariro 14573 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1924 1924
241080 Tongariro 14574 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe and Red Crater Historical Observations 1926/4/16 1926
241080 Tongariro 14575 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1926/12/21 1926/12/30
241080 Tongariro 14576 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? North flank (Ketetahi) 1927
241080 Tongariro 14577 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1928/3/3
241080 Tongariro 14578 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1928
241080 Tongariro 14579 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1931 1931
241080 Tongariro 14580 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1934
241080 Tongariro 14581 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1934 1935
241080 Tongariro 14582 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1937
241080 Tongariro 14583 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1939
241080 Tongariro 14584 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1940 1940
241080 Tongariro 14585 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1948/4/30 1948
241080 Tongariro 14586 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1948
241080 Tongariro 14587 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1949/2/9 1949/3/3
241080 Tongariro 14588 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1950/6/16
241080 Tongariro 14589 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1951/5/16
241080 Tongariro 14592 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1952/11/29 1953/7/16
241080 Tongariro 14593 Confirmed Eruption 0 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1953/12/28
241080 Tongariro 14594 Confirmed Eruption 3 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1954/5/13 1955/6/25
241080 Tongariro 14595 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe (south sub-crater) Historical Observations 1956/1/11 1956/2/11
241080 Tongariro 14596 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1958/11/5 1958/11/18
241080 Tongariro 14597 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1959/6/1
241080 Tongariro 14598 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1962/5/24
241080 Tongariro 14599 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1968/8/18
241080 Tongariro 14600 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1969/1/21
241080 Tongariro 14601 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1972/3/19 1972/6/6
241080 Tongariro 14602 Confirmed Eruption 3 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1972/11/22 1974/8/19
241080 Tongariro 14603 Confirmed Eruption 3 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1975/2/12 1975/2/23
241080 Tongariro 14604 Confirmed Eruption 1 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1976/8/23 1976/8/28
241080 Tongariro 14605 Confirmed Eruption 1 Ngauruhoe Historical Observations 1977/7/4 1977/7/4
241080 Tongariro 20826 Confirmed Eruption 2 Upper Te Maari Craters Historical Observations 2012/8/6 2012/8/7
241080 Tongariro 20827 Confirmed Eruption 2 Upper Te Maari Craters Historical Observations 2012/11/21 2012/11/21
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
75 1 2012/08/06 2012/08/06


Data from the Earthchem Portal
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Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.