Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Tofua
Steam rises from Lofia cone on the north side of the caldera lake of Tofua volcano in this 1990 aerial photograph. Recent tephra from pyroclastic cone mantles the caldera rim to the NW. The walls of the 5-km-wide caldera drop steeply about 500 m. Three post-caldera cones were constructed at the northern end of a cold fresh-water caldera lake, whose surface lies only 30 m above sea level. Tofua was seen in eruption in 1774 by Captain Cook, and Captain William Bligh landed on the island in 1789, just after the renowned mutiny on the "Bounty." Aerial photo by Tonga Ministry of Lands, Survey, and Natural Resources, 1990 (published in Taylor and Ewart, 1997).
Volcano Number:243060
Volcano Name:Tofua
Country:Tonga
Volcano Type:Caldera
Last Eruption:2014
Elevation:515m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:1556
Pop. within 10km:1556
Pop. within 30km:1556
Pop. within 100km:8789
Latitude:-19.75
Longitude:-175.07



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
243060 Tofua 14744 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1774
243060 Tofua 14745 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1792
243060 Tofua 14746 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1854
243060 Tofua 14747 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1885
243060 Tofua 14748 Confirmed Eruption 2 Northern part of caldera Historical Observations 1906 1906
243060 Tofua 14749 Confirmed Eruption 2 Northern part of caldera Historical Observations 1906
243060 Tofua 14750 Confirmed Eruption 2 Northern part of caldera Historical Observations 1958/12/31 1960/7/2
243060 Tofua 14751 Uncertain Eruption 0 Northern part of caldera 1993/4/29
243060 Tofua 14752 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Lofia crater Historical Observations 2004/3/19 2014/10/18
243060 Tofua 22253 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1847/7/10
243060 Tofua 22254 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1845/7/1
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.