Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Tinakula
The northern side of conical Tinakula volcano at the NW end of the Santa Cruz Islands rises dramatically from the sea surface. The small 3.5-km-wide island is the exposed portion of a massive stratovolcano that rises 3-4 km from the sea floor. A large breached crater that extends from the 851-m-high summit to below the NW coast is visible at the right and has been the source of frequent historical eruptions dating back to the era of Spanish exploration in 1595. Ndeni Island (left) appears in the background south of Tinakula. Photo by Donn Tolia, 2002 (Geological Survey of the Solomon Islands, courtesy of CSIRO).
Volcano Number:256010
Volcano Name:Tinakula
Country:Solomon Islands
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2019
Elevation:796m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Crustal thickness unknown
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:19
Pop. within 30km:19
Pop. within 100km:20155
Latitude:-10.386
Longitude:165.804



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
256010 Tinakula 15186 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1050
256010 Tinakula 15187 Confirmed Eruption 3 ^ Historical Observations 1595/9/7 1595/9/14
256010 Tinakula 15188 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1767/8/17
256010 Tinakula 15189 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1797
256010 Tinakula 15190 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1840
256010 Tinakula 15191 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1855
256010 Tinakula 15192 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1857
256010 Tinakula 15193 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1869
256010 Tinakula 15194 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1871
256010 Tinakula 15195 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1886
256010 Tinakula 15196 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1897/3/26
256010 Tinakula 15197 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1909
256010 Tinakula 15198 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1951/10/23 1951/11/27
256010 Tinakula 15199 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1955/8/16 1955/10/15
256010 Tinakula 15200 Confirmed Eruption 3 Upper NW flank Historical Observations 1965/11/23 1966/6/11
256010 Tinakula 15201 Confirmed Eruption 2 Upper and lower NW flanks Historical Observations 1971/9/6 1971/12/11
256010 Tinakula 15202 Confirmed Eruption 2 Upper NW flank Historical Observations 1984/6/3 1985/6/13
256010 Tinakula 15203 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1989/8/16 1990/2/16
256010 Tinakula 15204 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1995/7/2
256010 Tinakula 15205 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1999/5/16
256010 Tinakula 15206 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 2000/2/29 2001/5/8
256010 Tinakula 15207 Uncertain Eruption 1 Upper NW flank Historical Observations 2002/4/16
256010 Tinakula 15208 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? 2002/11/16
256010 Tinakula 15209 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2006/2/11 2007/11/9
256010 Tinakula 15210 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 2008/9/19 2008/11/29
256010 Tinakula 22239 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2017/10/21 2017/10/26
256010 Tinakula 22313 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2018/12/8 2019/7/3
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
99 2 2006/02/12 2006/02/12


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.