Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Marapi
Forested Marapi, rising above ricefields, is Sumatra's most active volcano. More than 50 small-to-moderate explosive eruptions have occurred since the end of the 18th century. Marapi, not to be confused with the more well-known Merapi volcano on Java, is a complex elongated stratovolcano with multiple summit craters that rises 2000 m above the Padang Highlands in central Sumatra. Photo by Amin, 2003 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
Volcano Number:261140
Volcano Name:Marapi
Country:Indonesia
Volcano Type:Complex
Last Eruption:2018
Elevation:2885m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:706
Pop. within 10km:57453
Pop. within 30km:818039
Pop. within 100km:4059773
Latitude:-0.38
Longitude:100.474



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
261140 Marapi 15405 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1915
261140 Marapi 15417 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1770
261140 Marapi 15418 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1807
261140 Marapi 15419 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1822/7/23 1822/7/31
261140 Marapi 15420 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1833 1834
261140 Marapi 15421 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1845/11/16 1845/11/18
261140 Marapi 15422 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1854/8/29
261140 Marapi 15425 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1855/10/2 1856
261140 Marapi 15426 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1861
261140 Marapi 15427 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1863/5/23
261140 Marapi 15428 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1871/4/24
261140 Marapi 15429 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1871/9/24
261140 Marapi 15430 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1876/4/4
261140 Marapi 15431 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1876 1877
261140 Marapi 15432 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1878
261140 Marapi 15433 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1883/6/25 1883/8/27
261140 Marapi 15434 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1883 1883
261140 Marapi 15435 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1885/11/12
261140 Marapi 15436 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1886/3/31 1886/5/3
261140 Marapi 15437 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1888/2/19 1888/3/19
261140 Marapi 15438 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1889/3/27 1889/4/17
261140 Marapi 15439 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1904/4/18 1904/4/18
261140 Marapi 15440 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1905/11/1
261140 Marapi 15441 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1907/12/17 1908
261140 Marapi 15442 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1910
261140 Marapi 15443 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1911/11/2
261140 Marapi 15444 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1913/6/23 1913/7/31
261140 Marapi 15445 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1914/7/1
261140 Marapi 15446 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1916/5/5 1916/7/7
261140 Marapi 15447 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1917/6/16 1917/9/16
261140 Marapi 15448 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1918/3/8 1918/3/10
261140 Marapi 15449 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1918/8/15 1918/8/15
261140 Marapi 15450 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1919/2/28 1919/3/1
261140 Marapi 15451 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1925
261140 Marapi 15452 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kepundan Bongsu Historical Observations 1927/2/5 1927/8/3
261140 Marapi 15453 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kepundan Bongsu Historical Observations 1929/6/22 1929/6/22
261140 Marapi 15454 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1930/4/9 1930/12/7
261140 Marapi 15455 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1932
261140 Marapi 15456 Confirmed Eruption Kepundan Kuniang, Kepundan Jinggo Historical Observations 1943
261140 Marapi 15457 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kepundan Bongsu Historical Observations 1949/4/29 1949/4/30
261140 Marapi 15458 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1949/10/15 1949/10/22
261140 Marapi 15459 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kepundan Bongsu, Kuniang, Jinggo Historical Observations 1950/9/27 1952/6/14
261140 Marapi 15460 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Kepundan Bongsu, B and C Craters Historical Observations 1954/8/16 1957/12/16
261140 Marapi 15461 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1958/6/23 1958/6/23
261140 Marapi 15462 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1958/10/17 1958/10/25
261140 Marapi 15463 Confirmed Eruption 1 B and C Craters, Kebun Bungo Historical Observations 1966/3/16 1966/6/16
261140 Marapi 15464 Confirmed Eruption 1 Crater C, Bungsu Crater Historical Observations 1967/4/16 1967/7/16
261140 Marapi 15465 Uncertain Eruption 1 Craters B and C 1968/12/16 1968/12/16
261140 Marapi 15466 Confirmed Eruption 2 Bungo, Bongsu, Tuo, B and C Craters Historical Observations 1970/7/26 1971/8/20
261140 Marapi 15467 Confirmed Eruption 2 Verbeek Crater Historical Observations 1973/7/24 1973/7/24
261140 Marapi 15468 Confirmed Eruption 2 Verbeek Crater, B and C Craters Historical Observations 1975/1/16 1979/9/11
261140 Marapi 15469 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1980/3/29
261140 Marapi 15470 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1982/3/10 1982/5/16
261140 Marapi 15471 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1982/12/16 1982/12/16
261140 Marapi 15472 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kepundan Tuo and Kepundan Verbeek Historical Observations 1983/7/2
261140 Marapi 15474 Confirmed Eruption 1 Kepundan Tuo, Kepundan B Historical Observations 1984/11/15 1984/11/15
261140 Marapi 15475 Confirmed Eruption 2 Verbeek Crater Historical Observations 1987/1/15 1994/8/12
261140 Marapi 15476 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1999/4/16 1999/9/16
261140 Marapi 15477 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2000/3/11 2000/4/3
261140 Marapi 15478 Confirmed Eruption 2 Verbeek Crater Historical Observations 2001/4/13 2001/6/5
261140 Marapi 15479 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2004/8/5 2004/8/5
261140 Marapi 20795 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2011/8/3 2011/10/12
261140 Marapi 20796 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2012/3/1 2012/5/18
261140 Marapi 20797 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2012/9/26 2012/9/26
261140 Marapi 20931 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2014/2/3 2014/2/26
261140 Marapi 22111 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2015/11/14 2015/11/14
261140 Marapi 22226 Confirmed Eruption 1 Verbeek Crater Historical Observations 2017/6/4 2017/6/4
261140 Marapi 22262 Confirmed Eruption 2 Verbeek Crater Historical Observations 2018/4/27 2018/5/2
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the SESAR database.


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.