Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Krakatau
The renowned Krakatau volcano lies in the Sunda Strait between Sumatra and Java. The historic eruption of 1883 destroyed much of Krakatau Island, forming a submarine caldera and producing detonations that were heard as far away as Australia. Rakata Island in the background is the truncated rim of the 1883 caldera. Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatau) in the foreground is a post-caldera cone that first breached the surface of the sea in 1928 and has been in frequent activity since then. The black lava flow at the right side of the photo was erupted in 1975. Photo courtesy Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1979.
Volcano Number:262000
Volcano Name:Krakatau
Country:Indonesia
Volcano Type:Caldera
Last Eruption:2019
Elevation:813m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:7177
Pop. within 10km:7177
Pop. within 30km:8027
Pop. within 100km:6326159
Latitude:-6.102
Longitude:105.423



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
262000 Krakatau 13384 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1943
262000 Krakatau 13385 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1944
262000 Krakatau 13386 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1945
262000 Krakatau 13387 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1946/7/25 1946/7/25
262000 Krakatau 15473 Confirmed Eruption 3 ^ Historical Observations 1684/2/1
262000 Krakatau 15580 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 250
262000 Krakatau 15581 Confirmed Eruption 4 C Historical Observations 535
262000 Krakatau 15582 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 850
262000 Krakatau 15583 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 950
262000 Krakatau 15584 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1050
262000 Krakatau 15585 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1150
262000 Krakatau 15586 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1320
262000 Krakatau 15587 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1530
262000 Krakatau 15588 Confirmed Eruption 3 Perbuwatan Historical Observations 1680 1681/11/19
262000 Krakatau 15589 Confirmed Eruption 6 Krakatau Island (Perbuwatan, Danan) Historical Observations 1883/5/20 1883/10/21
262000 Krakatau 15590 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1927/12/29 1930/8/15
262000 Krakatau 15591 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1931/9/23 1932/2/17
262000 Krakatau 15592 Confirmed Eruption 3 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1932/11/14 1934/6/9
262000 Krakatau 15593 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1935/1/4 1935/7/12
262000 Krakatau 15594 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1936/10/13 1936
262000 Krakatau 15595 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1937/8/6 1937/11/23
262000 Krakatau 15596 Confirmed Eruption 3 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1938/7/4 1940/7/2
262000 Krakatau 15597 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1941/1/28 1941/2/12
262000 Krakatau 15598 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1942/1/29 1942/1/30
262000 Krakatau 15599 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1946/12/26 1947/8/7
262000 Krakatau 15600 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1949/5/12
262000 Krakatau 15601 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1950/7/3 1950/7/7
262000 Krakatau 15602 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1952/10/10 1952/10/11
262000 Krakatau 15603 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1953/3/17 1953/5/1
262000 Krakatau 15604 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1953/9/21 1953/11/25
262000 Krakatau 15605 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1955/2/11
262000 Krakatau 15606 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1958/10/2 1959/6/25
262000 Krakatau 15607 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1959/12/16 1963/7/2
262000 Krakatau 15608 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1965/7/2
262000 Krakatau 15609 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? Anak Krakatau 1969/7/2
262000 Krakatau 15610 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1972/6/10 1973/7/1
262000 Krakatau 15611 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1975/3/27 1975/10/26
262000 Krakatau 15612 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1978/7/10 1978/11/16
262000 Krakatau 15613 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1979/7/15 1979/11/16
262000 Krakatau 15614 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1980/3/15 1980/12/16
262000 Krakatau 15615 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1981/4/24 1981/10/20
262000 Krakatau 15616 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau (S flank 1960-81 cone) Historical Observations 1988/2/14 1988/4/16
262000 Krakatau 15617 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1992/11/7 1993/10/16
262000 Krakatau 15618 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1994/3/19 1995/6/16
262000 Krakatau 15619 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1996/7/16 1996/10/16
262000 Krakatau 15622 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1997/3/16 1997/5/16
262000 Krakatau 15623 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 1999/2/5 1999/8/16
262000 Krakatau 15624 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2000/5/29 2000/10/30
262000 Krakatau 15625 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2001/7/21 2001/9/17
262000 Krakatau 15626 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2007/10/23 2008/8/30
262000 Krakatau 15633 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2009/3/25 2009/9/16
262000 Krakatau 15634 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2010/10/25 2011/3/9
262000 Krakatau 20787 Confirmed Eruption 2 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2011/7/31 2012/9/9
262000 Krakatau 20932 Confirmed Eruption 1 Anak Krakatau Historical Observations 2014/3/31 2014/3/31
262000 Krakatau 22188 Confirmed Eruption 1 Summit crater Historical Observations 2017/2/19 2017/2/19
262000 Krakatau 22275 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2018/6/18 2019/5/17
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Anak Krakatau (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Krakatau volcano in the Sunda Strait, between Sumatra and Java is famous worldwide for its cataclysmic 1883 eruption. A complex feeding system underlies Krakatau and sustains the volcanic activity of Anak Krakatau. This volcano ranks amongst the strongest known volcanic gas emitters in the Indonesian arc.
Hazard Description: not determined
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Lampung, Indonesia
Country: Indonesia
Volcanic Complex: Anak Krakatau
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Anak Krakatau_2014 Detail CO2 44 0 Mg/d
Anak Krakatau_2014 Detail SO2 190 40 Mg/d