Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Alaid
A dark, ash-rich eruption column rises above Alaid volcano on April 30, 1981, at the peak of an eruption that began on April 27. The eruption plume extended 2000 km to the SE. The highest and northernmost volcano of the Kuril Islands, 2339-m-high Alaid is a symmetrical stratovolcano when viewed from the north, but has a 1.5-km-wide summit crater that is breached to the south. Numerous pyroclastic cones dot the lower flanks of Alaid. Explosive eruptions in 1790 and 1981 were among the largest in the Kuril Islands. Photo courtesy of Anatoli Khrenov, 1981 (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Volcano Number:290390
Volcano Name:Alaid
Country:Russia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2018
Elevation:2285m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:64
Pop. within 30km:64
Pop. within 100km:2887
Latitude:50.861
Longitude:155.565



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
290390 Alaid 18880 Confirmed Eruption 4 ^ Historical Observations 1790 1793
290390 Alaid 18881 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1854/6/27
290390 Alaid 18882 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1860/7/7 1860/7/9
290390 Alaid 18883 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1894
290390 Alaid 18884 Confirmed Eruption 2 East submarine flank (Taketomi) Historical Observations 1933/11/13 1934
290390 Alaid 18885 Confirmed Eruption 3 NW foot Historical Observations 1972/6/18 1972/9/11
290390 Alaid 18886 Uncertain Eruption 1973/7/2
290390 Alaid 18887 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1981/4/27 1981/6/5
290390 Alaid 18888 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1981/11/25
290390 Alaid 18889 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1982/3/29 1982/3/29
290390 Alaid 18890 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1986/5/25 1986/5/28
290390 Alaid 18891 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1996/12/3
290390 Alaid 18892 Uncertain Eruption 1997/8/23 1997/8/23
290390 Alaid 20750 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit crater Historical Observations 2012/10/5 2012/12/12
290390 Alaid 21096 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2015/9/29 2016/8/11
290390 Alaid 22281 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2018/8/20 2018/8/21
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
183 1110 1981/04/27 1981/05/08


Data from the Earthchem Portal
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Data from the SESAR Database
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Data from the MaGa Database
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