Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Tolbachik
Two overlapping but dissimilar volcanoes form the massive Tolbachik volcano. The flat-topped Plosky Tolbachik basaltic shield volcano (right), with its nested Hawaiian-type calderas up to 3 km in diameter, is located east of the older and higher sharp-topped Ostry Tolbachik stratovolcano (left). Lengthy rift zones extending NE and south of Plosky Tolbachik have erupted voluminous basaltic lava flows during the Holocene. The 1975-76 eruption from the summit and south-flank fissures was the largest historical basaltic eruption in Kamchatka. Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Volcano Number:300240
Volcano Name:Tolbachik
Country:Russia
Volcano Type:Shield
Last Eruption:2013
Elevation:3611m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:225
Pop. within 100km:10487
Latitude:55.832
Longitude:160.326



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
300240 Tolbachik 19265 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -7600
300240 Tolbachik 19266 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Lesnaya) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -6050
300240 Tolbachik 19267 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Bubochka) Tephrochronology -5650
300240 Tolbachik 19268 Confirmed Eruption SW flank Tephrochronology -5600
300240 Tolbachik 19269 Confirmed Eruption SW flank and NE flank Tephrochronology -5450
300240 Tolbachik 19270 Confirmed Eruption Plosky and Ostry Tolbachik calderas Tephrochronology -4550
300240 Tolbachik 19271 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Kruglenky) Tephrochronology -2050
300240 Tolbachik 19272 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Mokhnataya) Tephrochronology -1750
300240 Tolbachik 19273 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Istochniky) Tephrochronology -1650
300240 Tolbachik 19274 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Serga, Starichky) Tephrochronology -800
300240 Tolbachik 19275 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Tsepochka, Malishi) Tephrochronology -750
300240 Tolbachik 19276 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Buraya) Tephrochronology -700
300240 Tolbachik 19277 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Kust) Tephrochronology -200
300240 Tolbachik 19278 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Sosed, Malenky) Tephrochronology -100
300240 Tolbachik 19279 Confirmed Eruption 4 + SW flank (Mt. 1004, Pra-Visokaya) Tephrochronology 50
300240 Tolbachik 19280 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Zapretny) Tephrochronology 150
300240 Tolbachik 19281 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Poteryanny, Yupiter) Tephrochronology 250
300240 Tolbachik 19282 Confirmed Eruption SW flank (Zasipannie) Tephrochronology 350
300240 Tolbachik 19283 Confirmed Eruption 4 + SW flank (Pelmen, Lagerny) Tephrochronology 400
300240 Tolbachik 19284 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Dvoinoy, Nedostupny, Dalny) Tephrochronology 450
300240 Tolbachik 19285 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Kamenistaya) Tephrochronology 550
300240 Tolbachik 19286 Confirmed Eruption 4 SW flank (Peschanie Gorky) Tephrochronology 900
300240 Tolbachik 19287 Confirmed Eruption 4 + SW flank (Alaid) Tephrochronology 950
300240 Tolbachik 19288 Confirmed Eruption 4 + SW flank (Kleshnya, Rastaschenny) Tephrochronology 1000
300240 Tolbachik 19289 Confirmed Eruption 3 SW flank (Visokaya, Treschina) Tephrochronology 1050
300240 Tolbachik 19290 Confirmed Eruption 2 SW flank (Zvezda) Tephrochronology 1550
300240 Tolbachik 19291 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1699
300240 Tolbachik 19292 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1739/2/1
300240 Tolbachik 19293 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1740
300240 Tolbachik 19294 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1769/2/15 1769/10/15
300240 Tolbachik 19295 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1788
300240 Tolbachik 19296 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1789
300240 Tolbachik 19297 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1790
300240 Tolbachik 19298 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1793
300240 Tolbachik 19299 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1904
300240 Tolbachik 19300 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1931/3/4 1932
300240 Tolbachik 19301 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1936/8/13 1937/3/2
300240 Tolbachik 19302 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1939/9/25 1939/9/27
300240 Tolbachik 19303 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1940 1940
300240 Tolbachik 19304 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, SW flank (1950 m) Historical Observations 1940 1941/7/15
300240 Tolbachik 19305 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1947
300240 Tolbachik 19306 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1954/2/21 1954/6/13
300240 Tolbachik 19307 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1955/1/7 1955/2/9
300240 Tolbachik 19308 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1955/10/6 1955/12/8
300240 Tolbachik 19309 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1956/9/28 1957/11/28
300240 Tolbachik 19310 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1958/7/13
300240 Tolbachik 19311 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1959/7/2 1960/7/2
300240 Tolbachik 19312 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1961/3/24 1962/2/16
300240 Tolbachik 19313 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1962/8/16 1963/7/2
300240 Tolbachik 19314 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1964/3/16 1964/4/24
300240 Tolbachik 19315 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1965/7/2
300240 Tolbachik 19316 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1966/4/15
300240 Tolbachik 19317 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1967/3/16 1967/5/16
300240 Tolbachik 19318 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1967/10/16 1967/11/16
300240 Tolbachik 19319 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1968/7/2 1969/7/2
300240 Tolbachik 19320 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1970/1/16 1970/4/16
300240 Tolbachik 19321 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1970/9/16 1970/12/1
300240 Tolbachik 19322 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? 1973/10/16 1974/12/16
300240 Tolbachik 19323 Confirmed Eruption 4 + South flank (18 & 28 km from summit) Historical Observations 1975/6/28 1976/12/10
300240 Tolbachik 20825 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tolbachinsky Dol Historical Observations 2012/11/27 2013/9/5
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
189 200 2012/11/27 2012/11/27


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.