Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Bezymianny
A steaming lava dome fills much of the large horseshoe-shaped crater cutting the ESE side of Bezymianny volcano in this late-1980s view from the SE. The crater was formed during a dramatic eruption in 1955-56, which was similar to that of Mount St. Helens in 1980. Prior to this eruption, Bezymianny volcano had been considered extinct. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater. Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Volcano Number:300250
Volcano Name:Bezymianny
Country:Russia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2018
Elevation:2882m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:47
Pop. within 100km:11728
Latitude:55.972
Longitude:160.595



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
300250 Bezymianny 13999 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1960/4/13 1960/4/14
300250 Bezymianny 19101 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 50
300250 Bezymianny 19143 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1961/3/25 1961/3/26
300250 Bezymianny 19324 Confirmed Eruption Pra-Bezymianny Tephrochronology -7050
300250 Bezymianny 19325 Confirmed Eruption Pra-Bezymianny Tephrochronology -5050
300250 Bezymianny 19326 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2750
300250 Bezymianny 19327 Confirmed Eruption Expeditsii and Exstrusivny Greben Tephrochronology -1550
300250 Bezymianny 19328 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1350
300250 Bezymianny 19329 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer BZ Radiocarbon (corrected) -450
300250 Bezymianny 19330 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 150
300250 Bezymianny 19331 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 250
300250 Bezymianny 19332 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 600
300250 Bezymianny 19333 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? East summit region (Razrushenny dome) Tephrochronology 700
300250 Bezymianny 19334 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 850
300250 Bezymianny 19335 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Summit region and western flank Tephrochronology 950
300250 Bezymianny 19336 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 1955/10/22 1957/3/1
300250 Bezymianny 19337 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1957/7/31 1957/7/31
300250 Bezymianny 19338 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1958/1/16 1958/2/14
300250 Bezymianny 19339 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1958/5/21
300250 Bezymianny 19340 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1958/12/28 1959/3/30
300250 Bezymianny 19341 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1959/10/15 1959/11/4
300250 Bezymianny 19342 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1961/5/21 1961/6/6
300250 Bezymianny 19343 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1961/10/18 1961/12/15
300250 Bezymianny 19344 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1962/10/21 1962/11/6
300250 Bezymianny 19345 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1963/5/16 1963/9/16
300250 Bezymianny 19346 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1964/6/25 1964/9/20
300250 Bezymianny 19347 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1964/12/25 1964/12/26
300250 Bezymianny 19348 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1965/3/9 1970/3/16
300250 Bezymianny 19349 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1971/3/16 1974/12/16
300250 Bezymianny 19350 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1976/3/25
300250 Bezymianny 19351 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1977/3/25
300250 Bezymianny 19352 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1978/9/8
300250 Bezymianny 19353 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1979/2/11
300250 Bezymianny 19354 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1979/9/18
300250 Bezymianny 19355 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1980/4/18 1980/4/19
300250 Bezymianny 19356 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1980/8/21 1980/8/27
300250 Bezymianny 19360 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1981/6/12 1983/5/22
300250 Bezymianny 19361 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1984/2/5 1984/12/16
300250 Bezymianny 19362 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1985/6/12 1985/12/14
300250 Bezymianny 19363 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1986/3/26 1986/6/29
300250 Bezymianny 19364 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1986/12/5 1988/7/26
300250 Bezymianny 19365 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1989/8/1 1989/8/4
300250 Bezymianny 19366 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1990/1/29 1991/11/29
300250 Bezymianny 19367 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1992/3/12 1992/6/12
300250 Bezymianny 19368 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1993/10/21 1994/2/4
300250 Bezymianny 19369 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1994/7/7 1994/10/5
300250 Bezymianny 19370 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1995/9/16 1995/10/8
300250 Bezymianny 19371 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1996/7/23 1996/9/1
300250 Bezymianny 19372 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1997/5/8 1997/5/16
300250 Bezymianny 19373 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1997/12/5 1997/12/6
300250 Bezymianny 19374 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1998/6/20 1998/6/22
300250 Bezymianny 19375 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1999/2/25 1999/2/25
300250 Bezymianny 19376 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2000/3/14 2000/3/26
300250 Bezymianny 19377 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2000/7/18 2000/11/4
300250 Bezymianny 19378 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2001/7/23 2001/8/10
300250 Bezymianny 19379 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2001/12/10 2002/1/6
300250 Bezymianny 19380 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2002/12/25 2002/12/28
300250 Bezymianny 19381 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2003/7/26 2003/8/1
300250 Bezymianny 19382 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2004/1/14 2005/2/16
300250 Bezymianny 19383 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2005/11/29 2005/12/1
300250 Bezymianny 19384 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2006/4/16 2006/12/29
300250 Bezymianny 19385 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 2007/5/10 2007/12/24
300250 Bezymianny 19386 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 2008/7/11 2008/8/23
300250 Bezymianny 19387 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 2009/12/17 2010/2/16
300250 Bezymianny 19388 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 2010/5/21 2018/12/17
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
190 10 1981/06/13 1981/06/13
191 10 1984/10/13 1984/10/13
192 10 1985/07/01 1985/07/01
193 2 2003/07/26 2003/07/26
194 1 2004/01/14 2004/01/14
195 1 2004/06/19 2004/06/19
196 5 2006/05/09 2006/05/09
197 5 2007/10/15 2007/10/15
198 1 2009/12/17 2009/12/17
199 3 2012/09/01 2012/09/01


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Bezymiznny dome fumaroles (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: unknown
Hazard Description: unknown
Type: fumarole
Region: Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Country: Russia
Volcanic Complex: Bezymianny
Gas Concentration Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Concentration Unit of Measure
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail H2O 959 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail CO2 15 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail SO2 3.08 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail H2S 0.022 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail HCl 9.23 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail CO 0.000414 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail CH4 0.000417 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail H2 0.215 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail N2 13.4 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail O2 0.215 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail Ar 0.141 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail H2O 973 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail CO2 9.89 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail SO2 1.62 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail H2S 0.00395 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail HCl 4.76 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail CO 0.000312 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail CH4 0.000314 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail H2 0.0507 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail N2 10.2 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail O2 0.17 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail Ar 0.108 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail H2O 739 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail CO2 208 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail SO2 22.3 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail H2S 0.774 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail HCl 1.72 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail CO 0.00988 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail CH4 0.000234 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail H2 0.405 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail N2 28 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail O2 0.345 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail Ar 0.328 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail H2O 775 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail CO2 165 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail SO2 34.3 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail H2S 0.769 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail HCl 1.46 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail CO 0.00714 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail CH4 0.000192 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail H2 0.315 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail N2 22.9 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail O2 0.368 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail Ar 0.273 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail H2O 965 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail CO2 15.3 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail SO2 15.4 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail H2S 0.145 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail HCl 2.55 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail CH4 2.67E-6 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail H2 0.00342 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail N2 1.5 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail O2 0.0331 micromol/mol
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail Ar 0.0189 micromol/mol
Gas Temperature Data:
Measurement Name Detail Temperature Unit of Measure
Bezymianny fumarole 2007a Detail 301 °C
Bezymianny fumarole 2007b Detail 301 °C
Bezymianny fumarole 2009a Detail 250 °C
Bezymianny fumarole 2009b Detail 220 °C
Bezymianny fumarole 2010 Detail 313 °C

Location: Bezymianny plume (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: This marks the location of the crater from which the plume emanates, NOT the location from which remote measurements were made.
Hazard Description: unknown
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Country: Russia
Volcanic Complex: Bezymianny
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Bezymianny OMI detection - October 2007 explosive eruption Detail SO2 6.6 0
Bezymianny OMI detection - May 2010 explosive eruption Detail SO2 5.1 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2008 - passive degassing Detail SO2 140 90
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail SO2 220 200
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail H2O 1700 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail CO2 1000 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail H2S 3.2 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail HCl 7.2 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail CO 0.029 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail CH4 0.00042 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail H2 0.089 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail N2 88 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail O2 1.4 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2009 - passive degassing Detail Ar 1.5 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail SO2 280 130
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail H2S 0.78 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail H2O 45000 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail CO2 980 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail HCl 440 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail CO 0.018 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail CH4 0.01 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail H2 0.5 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail N2 600 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail O2 20 0
Bezymianny FLYSPEC campaign 2007 - passive degassing Detail Ar 9.2 0