Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Klyuchevskoy
Kliuchevskoi is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring on the NE (seen here) and SE flanks of the conical volcano at altitudes of 500-3600 m. Photo by E.Y. Zhdanova (courtesy of Oleg Volynets, Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Volcano Number:300260
Volcano Name:Klyuchevskoy
Country:Russia
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2019
Elevation:4754m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:292
Pop. within 100km:12406
Latitude:56.056
Longitude:160.642



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
300260 Klyuchevskoy 14009 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1922
300260 Klyuchevskoy 14010 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1923 1923
300260 Klyuchevskoy 14011 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1925/4/4 1925/10/10
300260 Klyuchevskoy 14028 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1931 1931
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19201 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1926/3/23 1926/4/7
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19202 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1929 1929
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19203 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1931/3/25 1931/3/27
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19357 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1911
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19358 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1913
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19359 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1915
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19393 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -3950
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19394 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1050
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19395 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 550
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19396 Confirmed Eruption 3 ^ Historical Observations 1697 1698
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19397 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1720 1721
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19398 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1727 1731
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19399 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1737/9/25 1737/11/4
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19400 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1740
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19401 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1762
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19402 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1767
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19403 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1770
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19404 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1772
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19405 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1785
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19406 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1787
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19407 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1788
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19408 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1788
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19409 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1789/12/1 1790
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19410 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1791
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19411 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1791
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19412 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1807/2/1
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19413 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1812
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19414 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1813
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19415 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1819 1822
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19416 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Historical Observations 1829/9/9
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19417 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1840
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19418 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1848
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19419 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1852 1852
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19420 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1852
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19421 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1853 1854/2/17
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19422 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1865
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19423 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1877
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19424 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1878
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19425 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1879
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19426 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1882
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19427 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1883 1883
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19428 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1890
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19429 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1896 1897
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19430 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1898/2/20
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19431 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1904/1/31 1904/6/14
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19432 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and east flank Historical Observations 1907
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19433 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1909
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19434 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1910
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19435 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE flank (Kirgurich, Tuyla, Biokos) Historical Observations 1932/1/25 1932/12/26
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19436 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1935/4/21 1936/11/4
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19437 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, east flank (Bilyukai) Historical Observations 1937/4/3 1939
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19438 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1944/12/9 1945/1/20
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19439 Confirmed Eruption 3 SE flank (Yubileinoye, 1000-1450 m) Historical Observations 1945/6/19 1945/7/7
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19440 Confirmed Eruption 2 SE flank (Apakhonchich, ca. 1600 m) Historical Observations 1946/10/23 1946/11/22
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19441 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1948
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19442 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1949
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19443 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit, NE flank (Bylinkina, 950 m) Historical Observations 1951/11/19 1951/11/30
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19444 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit, NE flank (Belyankin Crater) Historical Observations 1953/6/7 1953/6/25
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19445 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1954/5/28 1954/9/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19446 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and SE flank (1500 m) Historical Observations 1956/1/16 1956/8/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19447 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1957/7/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19448 Confirmed Eruption 1 East part of summit crater Historical Observations 1958/5/18 1958/8/18
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19449 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1959/1/3
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19450 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1960/12/16 1963/3/22
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19451 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1963/11/13 1964/12/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19452 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, NE flank (Piip Crater) Historical Observations 1965/8/16 1966/12/26
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19453 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1967/7/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19454 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1968/7/3 1968/7/3
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19455 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1969/9/16 1969/12/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19456 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1970/5/26 1970/12/27
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19457 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1971/6/16 1971/7/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19458 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1971/11/16 1973/12/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19459 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and SW flank (3400-3600 m) Historical Observations 1974/4/8 1974/12/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19460 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, NE flank (1700 m) Historical Observations 1977/8/2 1980/3/12
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19461 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1981/1/25 1981/8/4
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19462 Uncertain Eruption 1981/12/21
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19463 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1982/3/24 1982/5/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19464 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and east flank (2875 m) Historical Observations 1982/10/7 1983/6/27
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19465 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1984/3/10 1985/1/28
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19466 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit and NW flank (3100 m) Historical Observations 1985/8/16 1986/1/21
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19467 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1986/6/8 1986/7/11
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19468 Confirmed Eruption 4 Summit, SE, SW, NE and east flanks Historical Observations 1986/11/27 1990/9/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19469 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1991/4/8 1991/6/24
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19470 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1992/1/25 1992/5/25
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19471 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1992/9/12 1993/9/12
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19472 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1994/9/8 1995/1/14
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19473 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1996/11/14 1997/3/20
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19474 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1997/9/7 1997/9/26
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19475 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1998/7/23 1998/9/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19476 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1999/2/5 1999/7/12
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19477 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2000/2/3 2000/2/8
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19478 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2000/7/28 2000/9/22
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19479 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2002/4/9 2002/6/9
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19480 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2002/11/24 2004/4/8
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19481 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2004/9/15 2004/9/15
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19482 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2005/1/20 2005/4/7
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19483 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2007/2/15 2007/7/15
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19484 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2008/10/8 2009/4/16
300260 Klyuchevskoy 19485 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2009/8/1 2010/12/20
300260 Klyuchevskoy 20783 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2011/3/30 2011/7/3
300260 Klyuchevskoy 20784 Uncertain Eruption Historical Observations 2011/11/2 2011/11/2
300260 Klyuchevskoy 20785 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2012/9/1 2013/1/28
300260 Klyuchevskoy 20786 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2013/8/15 2013/12/20
300260 Klyuchevskoy 20992 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2015/1/1 2015/5/10
300260 Klyuchevskoy 21095 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 2015/8/28 2018/6/15
300260 Klyuchevskoy 22310 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 2019/4/9 2019/7/11
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
200 10 1987/02/19 1987/02/19
201 10 1990/01/30 1990/01/30
202 150 1994/10/01 1994/10/01
203 176 2007/04/30 2007/07/15
204 55 2013/10/13 2013/10/20
205 2 2013/11/19 2013/11/19


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.