Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Orizaba, Pico de
Pico de Orizaba (Volcán Citlaltépetl), México's highest peak and North America's highest volcano, rises 4500 m above the Gulf of Mexico coastal plain. Its 5675-m-high summit contains a 500-m-wide, oval-shaped crater that is 300 m deep. It is seen here from the NNE with the Jamapa glacier at the right above the NW-flank peak of Sarcofago (right center). The present summit cone was constructed during the Holocene, overtopping previously collapsed edifices. The last eruption occurred during the 19th century. Photo by Gerardo Carrasco-Núñez, 1997 (Universidad Autónoma Nacional de México).
Volcano Number:341100
Volcano Name:Orizaba, Pico de
Country:Mexico
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1846
Elevation:5564m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:413
Pop. within 10km:4469
Pop. within 30km:759747
Pop. within 100km:5962920
Latitude:19.03
Longitude:-97.27



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10541 Uncertain Eruption 2 1157
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10542 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Anthropology 1175
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10557 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -7530
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10558 Confirmed Eruption 4 Lower Citlaltépetl ignimbrite Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -7030
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10559 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? Upper Citlaltépetl ignimbrite Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -6710
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10560 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -6220
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10561 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -4690
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10562 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2780
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10563 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2500
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10564 Confirmed Eruption 4 La Perla unit Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2300
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10565 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2110
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10566 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1500
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10567 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -780
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10568 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 40
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10569 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 90
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10570 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 140
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10571 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 220
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10572 Uncertain Eruption 2 1187
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10573 Confirmed Eruption 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 1260
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10574 Uncertain Eruption 2 1351
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10575 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1533 1539
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10576 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1545 1555
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10577 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1566
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10578 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1569 1589
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10579 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1613
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10580 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1687
341100 Orizaba, Pico de 10581 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1846
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.