Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Izalco
The unvegetated slopes of Volcán de Izalco, seen here from the north, are those of El Salvador's youngest volcano. It originated in 1770 CE on the southern flank of Santa Ana volcano. Frequent strombolian eruptions from the volcano known as the "Lighthouse of Central America" produced a steep-sided, 650-m-high stratovolcano over a 200-year period. Izalco was one of the most frequently active volcanoes in Central America, erupting basaltic-andesite pyroclastics and lava flows from both summit and flank vents, until activity ceased in 1966. Copyrighted photo by Stephen O'Meara.
Volcano Number:343030
Volcano Name:Izalco
Country:El Salvador
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1966
Elevation:1950m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:937
Pop. within 10km:55665
Pop. within 30km:1272308
Pop. within 100km:6415818
Latitude:13.813
Longitude:-89.633



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
343030 Izalco 10709 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1868/2/16 1868/2/17
343030 Izalco 10770 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1770/2/23
343030 Izalco 10771 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1772
343030 Izalco 10772 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1783
343030 Izalco 10773 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1793/3/29 1793
343030 Izalco 10774 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1798
343030 Izalco 10775 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1802 1803
343030 Izalco 10776 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1805 1807
343030 Izalco 10777 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1817
343030 Izalco 10778 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1825
343030 Izalco 10779 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1836
343030 Izalco 10780 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1838 1840
343030 Izalco 10781 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1842
343030 Izalco 10782 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1844 1844
343030 Izalco 10783 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1850
343030 Izalco 10784 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1854/5/13 1854/6/8
343030 Izalco 10785 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and south flank Historical Observations 1856/5/24 1856/9/1
343030 Izalco 10786 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1857/2/15 1857/2/19
343030 Izalco 10787 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1858/2/6 1859
343030 Izalco 10788 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1859/12/8 1860/1/22
343030 Izalco 10789 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1863
343030 Izalco 10790 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and NE flank Historical Observations 1864/5/15 1865/6/15
343030 Izalco 10791 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1866/4/27 1866/8/15
343030 Izalco 10792 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1867 1867
343030 Izalco 10793 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and east flank Historical Observations 1869/3/1 1869/6/18
343030 Izalco 10794 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1870/5/19
343030 Izalco 10795 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1872 1873/3/19
343030 Izalco 10796 Uncertain Eruption 1874 1875
343030 Izalco 10797 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1878
343030 Izalco 10798 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1879/12/25 1880
343030 Izalco 10799 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1881/1/1
343030 Izalco 10800 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1882/7/12
343030 Izalco 10801 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1883/9/5 1883/11/13
343030 Izalco 10802 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1884/3/9 1884/3/10
343030 Izalco 10803 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1885
343030 Izalco 10804 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1887 1889
343030 Izalco 10805 Confirmed Eruption 0 Summit and upper east flank Historical Observations 1890/3/26 1890/4/20
343030 Izalco 10806 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1891 1898
343030 Izalco 10807 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1899/12/31 1900
343030 Izalco 10808 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and NE flank Historical Observations 1902/5/10 1902/12/30
343030 Izalco 10809 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and east flank Historical Observations 1903 1905
343030 Izalco 10810 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and NE flank Historical Observations 1912/1/16 1916/1/26
343030 Izalco 10811 Confirmed Eruption 2 SE flank Historical Observations 1920/10/29 1921/4/10
343030 Izalco 10812 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1924
343030 Izalco 10813 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1925/12/26 1927
343030 Izalco 10814 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1927 1928
343030 Izalco 10815 Confirmed Eruption 0 Outer slope of eastern summit crater Historical Observations 1930
343030 Izalco 10816 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1931/3/31
343030 Izalco 10817 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1933/11/30 1934/1/12
343030 Izalco 10818 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1937 1938
343030 Izalco 10819 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and SSE flank Historical Observations 1939 1948
343030 Izalco 10820 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit, SW and NE flanks Historical Observations 1948/11/4 1957/12/1
343030 Izalco 10821 Confirmed Eruption 0 SSE flank (550 m below summit) Historical Observations 1966/10/28 1966/11/16
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.