Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Ilopango
One of the most impressive features of El Salvador is the scenic 8 x 11 km Ilopango caldera, filled by one of El Salvador's largest lakes. The caldera, which has a scalloped 150-500 m high rim, lies immediately east of the capital city of San Salvador, seen at the upper left. The latest collapse of Ilopango caldera resulted from the massive 5th-century CE eruption, which produced widespread pyroclastic flows and devastated early Mayan cities. Post-caldera eruptions formed a series of glassy dacitic lava domes within the lake and near its shore. Photo by Carlos Pullinger, 1996 (Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales, El Salvador).
Volcano Number:343060
Volcano Name:Ilopango
Country:El Salvador
Volcano Type:Caldera
Last Eruption:1880
Elevation:450m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:2049583
Pop. within 10km:2049583
Pop. within 30km:2948989
Pop. within 100km:6689160
Latitude:13.672
Longitude:-89.053



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
343060 Ilopango 10830 Confirmed Eruption 6 + Ilopango Radiocarbon (corrected) 450
343060 Ilopango 10831 Confirmed Eruption 3 Islas Quemadas Historical Observations 1879/12/31 1880/3/26
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Ilopango volcanic lake (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Lake Ilopango is a crater lake which fills a scenic 8 by 11 km (72 km2 or 28 sq mi) volcanic caldera in central El Salvador, on the borders of the San Salvador, La Paz, and Cuscatlán departments.
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: lake
Region: San Salvador Department, El Salvador
Country: El Salvador
Volcanic Complex: Ilopango volcanic lake
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Ilopango_0101999 Detail CO2 1111 0 Mg/d