Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Negro, Cerro
Cerro Negro, the largest and youngest of a group of four cinder cones that were constructed along a N-S line, is Central America's youngest volcano. Since its formation in 1850, Cerro Negro has produced frequent explosive eruptions, building a 250-m-high cinder cone surrounded by a fresh lava field. This 1995 photo from the southernmost of the older cones to the NNE shows flow levees and lava flows at the left side of Cerro Negro that were produced during the 1995 eruption. The vegetated peak in the background is part of the Las Pilas complex. Photo by Britt Hill, 1995 (Southwest Research Institute).
Volcano Number:344070
Volcano Name:Negro, Cerro
Country:Nicaragua
Volcano Type:Pyroclastic cone(s)
Last Eruption:1999
Elevation:728m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:1690
Pop. within 10km:10243
Pop. within 30km:296320
Pop. within 100km:3540933
Latitude:12.506
Longitude:-86.702



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
344070 Negro, Cerro 10944 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1850/4/13 1850/5/27
344070 Negro, Cerro 10945 Confirmed Eruption 2 NE-SW-trending fissure Historical Observations 1867/11/14 1867/11/30
344070 Negro, Cerro 10946 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1899/11/22 1899/11/29
344070 Negro, Cerro 10947 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1914/10/28 1914/11/3
344070 Negro, Cerro 10948 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1919/6/20 1919/6/30
344070 Negro, Cerro 10949 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and upper north flank Historical Observations 1923/10/23 1923/12/11
344070 Negro, Cerro 10950 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1929/2/10 1929
344070 Negro, Cerro 10951 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and NE flank Historical Observations 1947/7/9 1947/8/2
344070 Negro, Cerro 10952 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1948/3/31
344070 Negro, Cerro 10953 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1949 1949
344070 Negro, Cerro 10954 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1950/11/21 1950/12/17
344070 Negro, Cerro 10955 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1954/2/16 1954/2/16
344070 Negro, Cerro 10956 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit and east flank Historical Observations 1957/9/4 1957/9/24
344070 Negro, Cerro 10957 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and south flank Historical Observations 1960/9/28 1960/12/26
344070 Negro, Cerro 10958 Confirmed Eruption 1 NE-flank fissure Historical Observations 1961/10/25
344070 Negro, Cerro 10959 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1962/3/21 1962/4/16
344070 Negro, Cerro 10960 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1963/3/16
344070 Negro, Cerro 10961 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1964/7/2
344070 Negro, Cerro 10962 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and south flank Historical Observations 1968/10/23 1968/12/10
344070 Negro, Cerro 10963 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1969/12/19 1969/12/29
344070 Negro, Cerro 10964 Confirmed Eruption 3 Summit and east flank Historical Observations 1971/2/3 1971/2/14
344070 Negro, Cerro 10965 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1992/4/9 1992/4/14
344070 Negro, Cerro 10966 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1995/5/29 1995/12/6
344070 Negro, Cerro 10970 Confirmed Eruption 2 South flank (near Cristo Rey crater) Historical Observations 1999/8/5 1999/8/7
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
293 10 1992/04/09 1992/04/09


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Cerro Negro (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Cerro Negro (225 m elevation) is one of 4 very young cinder cones NW of El Hoyo-Las Pilas volcanic complex, Nicaragua, and belongs to the active Central Arnerican Volcanic Belt (CAVB), which includes a 1,100K m long chain of 41 active volcanoes from Guatemala to Panama. Ground temperature up to 707°C and visible emission of gas and steam are occurring through the main active fissures.
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Leon, Nicaragua
Country: Nicaragua
Volcanic Complex: Cerro Negro
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Cerro Negro_121999 Detail CO2 2800 0 Mg/d