Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Cotopaxi
Symmetrical Cotopaxi is one of the most prominent volcanoes that line both sides of the Interandean valley along Ecuador's "Avenue of Volcanoes." Cotopaxi, one of Ecuador's most active volcanoes, has produced more than 50 eruptions since the 16th century. Glaciers cover the upper part of the cone from 4700 m altitude on the west flank, seen here, to the 5911-m-high summit. Devastating lahars in historical time swept this valley before turning south and then east into the Amazon basin. Lahars to the NW reached the Pacific Ocean. Photo by Lee Siebert, 1978 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:352050
Volcano Name:Cotopaxi
Country:Ecuador
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2016
Elevation:5911m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:251
Pop. within 10km:7299
Pop. within 30km:152139
Pop. within 100km:3631492
Latitude:-0.677
Longitude:-78.436



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
352050 Cotopaxi 11510 Confirmed Eruption 2 Tephra set F-1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -7690
352050 Cotopaxi 11511 Confirmed Eruption 5 + Tephra set F-2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -5820
352050 Cotopaxi 11512 Confirmed Eruption 5 Tephra set F-3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -4350
352050 Cotopaxi 11513 Confirmed Eruption 5 + Tephra set F-4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -3880
352050 Cotopaxi 11516 Confirmed Eruption 5 Tephra set F-5 Tephrochronology -3280
352050 Cotopaxi 11517 Confirmed Eruption 5 Colorado Canyon tephra set Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2640
352050 Cotopaxi 11518 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2250
352050 Cotopaxi 11519 Confirmed Eruption Tephra set H Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2220
352050 Cotopaxi 11520 Confirmed Eruption 5 Tephra layers I1 Tephrochronology -2050
352050 Cotopaxi 11521 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1510
352050 Cotopaxi 11522 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer I2 Tephrochronology -1050
352050 Cotopaxi 11523 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer J Tephrochronology -400
352050 Cotopaxi 11524 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer JJ Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -230
352050 Cotopaxi 11525 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephra layer JK Tephrochronology -50
352050 Cotopaxi 11526 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer Ka1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 70
352050 Cotopaxi 11527 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer Ka2 Tephrochronology 150
352050 Cotopaxi 11528 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer Kb2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 180
352050 Cotopaxi 11529 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer 11 Tephrochronology 370
352050 Cotopaxi 11530 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer 10 Tephrochronology 550
352050 Cotopaxi 11531 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer Kb2 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 740
352050 Cotopaxi 11532 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer L1 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 770
352050 Cotopaxi 11533 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephra layer L2 Tephrochronology 950
352050 Cotopaxi 11534 Confirmed Eruption 5 Tephra layer X Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 1130
352050 Cotopaxi 11535 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 1260
352050 Cotopaxi 11537 Confirmed Eruption 4 + Tephra layer Y4 Tephrochronology 1350
352050 Cotopaxi 11538 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1532/11/15
352050 Cotopaxi 11539 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1533 1533
352050 Cotopaxi 11540 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra set MZ Historical Observations 1534 1534
352050 Cotopaxi 11541 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1698
352050 Cotopaxi 11542 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1738
352050 Cotopaxi 11543 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1740 1741
352050 Cotopaxi 11544 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1742/6/15 1742
352050 Cotopaxi 11545 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1742/12/9
352050 Cotopaxi 11546 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1743
352050 Cotopaxi 11547 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1743/9/27 1743/10/4
352050 Cotopaxi 11548 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1744 1744
352050 Cotopaxi 11549 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1746
352050 Cotopaxi 11550 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1747 1749
352050 Cotopaxi 11551 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1750/9/2 1750/9/4
352050 Cotopaxi 11552 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1766/2/10 1766
352050 Cotopaxi 11553 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1768/4/4
352050 Cotopaxi 11554 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1803/1/4 1803/1/5
352050 Cotopaxi 11555 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1844
352050 Cotopaxi 11556 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1845
352050 Cotopaxi 11557 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1850
352050 Cotopaxi 11558 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1851
352050 Cotopaxi 11559 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1852
352050 Cotopaxi 11560 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1853/9/13 1853/9/15
352050 Cotopaxi 11561 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1854/4/3
352050 Cotopaxi 11562 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1854/9/14
352050 Cotopaxi 11563 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1855
352050 Cotopaxi 11564 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1856
352050 Cotopaxi 11565 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1856 1856
352050 Cotopaxi 11566 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1857
352050 Cotopaxi 11567 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1858 1858
352050 Cotopaxi 11568 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1859
352050 Cotopaxi 11569 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1860 1862
352050 Cotopaxi 11570 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1863
352050 Cotopaxi 11571 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1866/9/21 1866/9/26
352050 Cotopaxi 11572 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1867
352050 Cotopaxi 11573 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1868/8/15 1868/8/16
352050 Cotopaxi 11574 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1869 1869
352050 Cotopaxi 11575 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1870 1876
352050 Cotopaxi 11576 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1877 1877/9/2
352050 Cotopaxi 11577 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1878/8/23 1878/8/24
352050 Cotopaxi 11578 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1879/2/26 1879/6/19
352050 Cotopaxi 11579 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1880 1880
352050 Cotopaxi 11580 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1882 1882
352050 Cotopaxi 11581 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1883
352050 Cotopaxi 11582 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1883
352050 Cotopaxi 11583 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1885/7/23
352050 Cotopaxi 11584 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1886
352050 Cotopaxi 11585 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1895
352050 Cotopaxi 11586 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1903/9/26 1904
352050 Cotopaxi 11587 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1905
352050 Cotopaxi 11588 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1906/8/21 1906/9/19
352050 Cotopaxi 11589 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1907
352050 Cotopaxi 11590 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1908 1914
352050 Cotopaxi 11591 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1922
352050 Cotopaxi 11592 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1926
352050 Cotopaxi 11593 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1931
352050 Cotopaxi 11594 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1939/2/2
352050 Cotopaxi 11595 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1940
352050 Cotopaxi 11596 Uncertain Eruption 3 ? 1942/2/17 1942/2/19
352050 Cotopaxi 21088 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 2015/8/14 2016/1/24
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
301 20 2015/08/14 2015/08/14


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.