Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Villarrica
Snow-covered Villarrica, one of Chile's most active volcanoes, rises above the resort town of Pucón below its northern flank. A faint steam plume drifts from an active lava lake in the summit crater. The steep summit cone was constructed within a mostly buried, 2-km-wide caldera whose dissected outer flanks rise above the tree line. Villarrica is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes that trend perpendicular to the Andean chain. Historical eruptions have been documented since 1558 CE. Phot by Lee Siebert, 2004 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:357120
Volcano Name:Villarrica
Country:Chile
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2019
Elevation:2847m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:477
Pop. within 10km:1067
Pop. within 30km:35118
Pop. within 100km:667788
Latitude:-39.42
Longitude:-71.93



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
357120 Villarrica 11910 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1880
357120 Villarrica 12088 Confirmed Eruption 0 Tephrochronology -7520
357120 Villarrica 12089 Confirmed Eruption 4 P Voipir pyroclastic flow Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -6690
357120 Villarrica 12090 Confirmed Eruption Candelaria pyroclastic flow Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -3730
357120 Villarrica 12091 Confirmed Eruption 0 El Pirao lava flows Tephrochronology -2990
357120 Villarrica 12092 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2240
357120 Villarrica 12093 Confirmed Eruption Alfunalhue pyroclastic flow Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2140
357120 Villarrica 12094 Confirmed Eruption 0 Zanjón Seco lava flows Tephrochronology -1980
357120 Villarrica 12095 Confirmed Eruption 5 Pucón Ignimbrite Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1810
357120 Villarrica 12096 Confirmed Eruption FP-B unit Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1080
357120 Villarrica 12097 Confirmed Eruption 4 Pedregoso pyroclastic surge Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -670
357120 Villarrica 12098 Confirmed Eruption 0 Zanjón Seco pahoehoe lava flows Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 110
357120 Villarrica 12099 Confirmed Eruption Cónquil pyroclastic flow Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 330
357120 Villarrica 12100 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1558
357120 Villarrica 12101 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1562
357120 Villarrica 12103 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1594
357120 Villarrica 12104 Uncertain Eruption 1640/2/3
357120 Villarrica 12105 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1647/5/13
357120 Villarrica 12106 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1657/3/15
357120 Villarrica 12107 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1688
357120 Villarrica 12108 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1716
357120 Villarrica 12109 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1730/7/8
357120 Villarrica 12110 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1737/12/24
357120 Villarrica 12111 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1742
357120 Villarrica 12112 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1745
357120 Villarrica 12113 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1751/12/14
357120 Villarrica 12114 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1759 1759
357120 Villarrica 12115 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1775
357120 Villarrica 12116 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1777 1779
357120 Villarrica 12117 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1780
357120 Villarrica 12118 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1787
357120 Villarrica 12119 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1790 1801
357120 Villarrica 12120 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1806 1806
357120 Villarrica 12121 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1815 1818
357120 Villarrica 12122 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1822/11/19 1822/11/25
357120 Villarrica 12123 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1832/12/24
357120 Villarrica 12124 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1837/11/7 1837/11/21
357120 Villarrica 12125 Uncertain Eruption 1852
357120 Villarrica 12126 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1853
357120 Villarrica 12127 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1859/5/19 1860/4/12
357120 Villarrica 12128 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1864
357120 Villarrica 12129 Uncertain Eruption 1867 1868
357120 Villarrica 12130 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1869/2/4 1869/2/24
357120 Villarrica 12131 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1874/4/16
357120 Villarrica 12132 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1875/11/17 1876
357120 Villarrica 12133 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1877/3/12 1877
357120 Villarrica 12134 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1879/2/2 1879
357120 Villarrica 12135 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1883
357120 Villarrica 12136 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1893/12/1 1894/2/1
357120 Villarrica 12137 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1897/12/1 1898/2/1
357120 Villarrica 12138 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1904
357120 Villarrica 12139 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1906/4/22 1906
357120 Villarrica 12140 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1907/5/5 1907/5/26
357120 Villarrica 12141 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1908/10/31 1908/12/12
357120 Villarrica 12142 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1909/8/19 1910
357120 Villarrica 12144 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1915 1918
357120 Villarrica 12145 Uncertain Eruption 1919
357120 Villarrica 12146 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1920/12/10 1920/12/13
357120 Villarrica 12147 Uncertain Eruption 2 ? 1921/12/10
357120 Villarrica 12148 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1922/10/24 1922/11/27
357120 Villarrica 12149 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1927 1928
357120 Villarrica 12150 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1929/12/27
357120 Villarrica 12151 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1933/1/5 1933/1/18
357120 Villarrica 12152 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Historical Observations 1935/12/1 1936/6/27
357120 Villarrica 12153 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? 1938/2/11
357120 Villarrica 12154 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1938/12/1 1939/2/1
357120 Villarrica 12155 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1947
357120 Villarrica 12156 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1948/4/10
357120 Villarrica 12157 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1948/10/9 1949/2/3
357120 Villarrica 12158 Uncertain Eruption 1950/7/2
357120 Villarrica 12159 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1956/10/3 1956/11/16
357120 Villarrica 12160 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1958/11/6 1959/12/21
357120 Villarrica 12161 Uncertain Eruption 1 ? 1960/7/2
357120 Villarrica 12162 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1961/7/2
357120 Villarrica 12163 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Summit and upper SW flank Historical Observations 1963/2/25 1963/9/21
357120 Villarrica 12164 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1964/3/2 1964/4/21
357120 Villarrica 12165 Confirmed Eruption 2 Summit, NE and SW flanks Historical Observations 1971/10/29 1972/2/21
357120 Villarrica 12166 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1977/1/26 1977/1/30
357120 Villarrica 12167 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1980/6/20 1980/9/24
357120 Villarrica 12168 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1983/10/14 1983/10/16
357120 Villarrica 12169 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1984/8/11 1985/11/18
357120 Villarrica 12170 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1991/8/30 1991/9/17
357120 Villarrica 12171 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1992/9/11 1992/12/16
357120 Villarrica 12172 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1994/9/26 1994/12/30
357120 Villarrica 12173 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1995/4/15 1995/6/2
357120 Villarrica 12174 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1996/1/16
357120 Villarrica 12178 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1996/9/14 1997/8/16
357120 Villarrica 12179 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1998/2/24 2002/6/16
357120 Villarrica 12180 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2003/5/23 2004/3/25
357120 Villarrica 12181 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2004/8/5 2007/12/24
357120 Villarrica 12182 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2008/10/26
357120 Villarrica 12183 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2009/1/29 2009/3/24
357120 Villarrica 12184 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2009/11/22 2012/4/20
357120 Villarrica 20837 Uncertain Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2012/11/14 2012/11/14
357120 Villarrica 20838 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2013/7/25 2013/7/29
357120 Villarrica 20996 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 2014/12/2 2019/4/12
357120 Villarrica 21003 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1902
357120 Villarrica 21004 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1890
357120 Villarrica 21005 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1871
357120 Villarrica 21006 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1850
357120 Villarrica 21007 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1841
357120 Villarrica 21008 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1836
357120 Villarrica 21009 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1826
357120 Villarrica 21010 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1798
357120 Villarrica 21011 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1771
357120 Villarrica 21012 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1767
357120 Villarrica 21013 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1761
357120 Villarrica 21014 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1721
357120 Villarrica 21015 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1715
357120 Villarrica 21016 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1709
357120 Villarrica 21017 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1708
357120 Villarrica 21018 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1705
357120 Villarrica 21019 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1682
357120 Villarrica 21020 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1675
357120 Villarrica 21021 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1672
357120 Villarrica 21022 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1669
357120 Villarrica 21023 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1645
357120 Villarrica 21024 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1642
357120 Villarrica 21025 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1638
357120 Villarrica 21026 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1632
357120 Villarrica 21027 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1625
357120 Villarrica 21028 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1617
357120 Villarrica 21029 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1612
357120 Villarrica 21030 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1610
357120 Villarrica 21031 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1604
357120 Villarrica 21032 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1600
357120 Villarrica 21033 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1584
357120 Villarrica 21034 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1582
357120 Villarrica 21035 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1579
357120 Villarrica 21036 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1564
357120 Villarrica 21037 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1553
357120 Villarrica 21038 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1543
357120 Villarrica 21039 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1539
357120 Villarrica 21040 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1538
357120 Villarrica 21041 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1537
357120 Villarrica 21042 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1526
357120 Villarrica 21043 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1523
357120 Villarrica 21044 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1521
357120 Villarrica 21045 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1516
357120 Villarrica 21046 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1515
357120 Villarrica 21047 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1509
357120 Villarrica 21048 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1503
357120 Villarrica 21049 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1497
357120 Villarrica 21050 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1494
357120 Villarrica 21051 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1492
357120 Villarrica 21052 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1483
357120 Villarrica 21053 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1479
357120 Villarrica 21054 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1474
357120 Villarrica 21055 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1471
357120 Villarrica 21056 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1466
357120 Villarrica 21057 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1463
357120 Villarrica 21058 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1454
357120 Villarrica 21059 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1448
357120 Villarrica 21060 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1433
357120 Villarrica 21061 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1417
357120 Villarrica 21062 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1413
357120 Villarrica 21063 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1410
357120 Villarrica 21064 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1404
357120 Villarrica 21065 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1392
357120 Villarrica 21066 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1388
357120 Villarrica 21067 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Varve Count 1384
357120 Villarrica 21091 Confirmed Eruption 4 Chaimilla Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1230
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
328 5 2015/03/03 2015/03/03


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Villarica (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Glacier-clad Villarrica, one of Chile's most active volcanoes, rises above the lake and town of the same name. It is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes that trend perpendicular to the Andean chain. A 6-km-wide caldera formed during the late Pleistocene. A 2-km-wide caldera that formed about 3500 years ago is located at the base of the presently active, dominantly basaltic to basaltic-andesitic cone at the NW margin of the Pleistocene caldera. More than 30 scoria cones and fissure vents dot the flanks. Plinian eruptions and pyroclastic flows that have extended up to 20 km from the volcano were produced during the Holocene. Lava flows up to 18 km long have issued from summit and flank vents. Historical eruptions, documented since 1558, have consisted largely of mild-to-moderate explosive activity with occasional lava effusion. Glaciers cover 40 km2 of the volcano, and lahars have damaged towns on its flanks. (GVP)
Hazard Description: not availabe
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Los Ríos Region, Chile
Country: Chile
Volcanic Complex: Villarrica
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Villarica_01032009 Detail CO2 477 0 Mg/d