Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Calbuco
Calbuco is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes. The isolated volcano rises to 2003 m south of Lake Llanquihue, which is visible at the upper right. The summit ridge (center) of the volcano is the remnant of an older volcano that collapsed during the late Pleistocene and produced a 3 cu km debris avalanche that reached the lake. Subsequent eruptions generated andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs that filled the scarp and were subsequently topped by an historical lava-dome complex (right center). Photo by Hugo Moreno (University of Chile).
Volcano Number:358020
Volcano Name:Calbuco
Country:Chile
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2015
Elevation:1974m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:70
Pop. within 10km:871
Pop. within 30km:32265
Pop. within 100km:575233
Latitude:-41.33
Longitude:-72.618



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
358020 Calbuco 12239 Confirmed Eruption 5 Ca8 tephra layer Tephrochronology -6760
358020 Calbuco 12240 Confirmed Eruption 4 Ca10 tephra layer Tephrochronology -5820
358020 Calbuco 12241 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -4300
358020 Calbuco 12242 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1920
358020 Calbuco 12243 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -330
358020 Calbuco 12244 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -100
358020 Calbuco 12245 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 40
358020 Calbuco 12246 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 220
358020 Calbuco 12247 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 520
358020 Calbuco 12248 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 1380
358020 Calbuco 12249 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 1600
358020 Calbuco 12250 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1792
358020 Calbuco 12252 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1893/1/7 1894/1/16
358020 Calbuco 12253 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1894/11/16 1895
358020 Calbuco 12254 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1906
358020 Calbuco 12255 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Historical Observations 1907/4/22
358020 Calbuco 12256 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1909
358020 Calbuco 12257 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1911 1912
358020 Calbuco 12258 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1917 1917
358020 Calbuco 12259 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1929/1/6 1929/1/6
358020 Calbuco 12260 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1932
358020 Calbuco 12261 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1945
358020 Calbuco 12262 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1961/2/1 1961/3/26
358020 Calbuco 12263 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1972/8/26 1972/8/26
358020 Calbuco 20858 Confirmed Eruption 5 Ca1 tephra layer Radiocarbon (corrected) -8460
358020 Calbuco 20859 Confirmed Eruption Ca2 tephra layer Tephrochronology -8320
358020 Calbuco 20860 Confirmed Eruption Ca3 tephra layer Tephrochronology -8210
358020 Calbuco 20861 Confirmed Eruption Ca4 tephra layer Tephrochronology -8100
358020 Calbuco 20862 Confirmed Eruption Ca5 tephra layer Tephrochronology -7990
358020 Calbuco 20863 Confirmed Eruption Ca6 tephra layer Tephrochronology -7930
358020 Calbuco 20864 Confirmed Eruption 4 Ca7 tephra layer Radiocarbon (corrected) -7550
358020 Calbuco 20865 Confirmed Eruption Ca9 tephra layer Tephrochronology -6300
358020 Calbuco 20874 Confirmed Eruption 4 + Ca11 tephra layer Radiocarbon (corrected) -5030
358020 Calbuco 20875 Confirmed Eruption 4 + Ca12 tephra layer Tephrochronology 160
358020 Calbuco 20876 Confirmed Eruption 4 Ca13 tephra layer Radiocarbon (corrected) 710
358020 Calbuco 21076 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 2015/4/22 2015/5/26
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
330 400 2015/04/22 2015/04/22


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.