Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Soufriere Guadeloupe
La Soufrière volcano, the highest in the West Indies, is a complex stratovolcano that dominates the southern end of Basse-Terre, the western half of the butterfly-shaped island of Guadeloupe. A steam-and-ash column rises above the summit in this October 1976 view from the NE at Pointe-a-Pitre, on the isthmus connecting the island segments. The peak at the left (above the sailboat), l'Echelle, is a young cinder cone; the summit itself is a 500-year-old lava dome, and remnants of older collapsed volcanoes are located to its right. Photo by Richard Fiske, 1976 (Smithsonian Institution).
Volcano Number:360060
Volcano Name:Soufriere Guadeloupe
Country:France
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1977
Elevation:1467m
Tectonic Setting:Subduction zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:8839
Pop. within 10km:71345
Pop. within 30km:256899
Pop. within 100km:482449
Latitude:16.044
Longitude:-61.664



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12344 Confirmed Eruption South flank (Gros Fougas) Radiocarbon (corrected) -3310
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12345 Uncertain Eruption -2050
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12349 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -7490
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12350 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -6450
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12351 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -1810
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12352 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Morne Amic Radiocarbon (corrected) -1310
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12353 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) -980
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12354 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Morne Amic ? Radiocarbon (corrected) -820
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12355 Confirmed Eruption 2 South flank (Morne Lenglet) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -580
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12356 Confirmed Eruption La Citerne and L'Eschelle cones Radiocarbon (corrected) 370
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12357 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Radiocarbon (corrected) 1340
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12358 Confirmed Eruption 4 P Radiocarbon (corrected) 1370
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12359 Confirmed Eruption 4 P La Soufrière Radiocarbon (corrected) 1440
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12360 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (corrected) 1600
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12361 Confirmed Eruption 1 Gouffre Dupuy, Gouffre Tarissan Historical Observations 1690/4/5
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12362 Confirmed Eruption 1 North side of summit dome Historical Observations 1696
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12363 Confirmed Eruption 2 NNW side of summit dome Historical Observations 1797/9/29 1798/4/26
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12364 Confirmed Eruption 1 E-W fissure on summit dome Historical Observations 1812 1812/5/10
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12365 Confirmed Eruption 2 SE to NW sides of summit dome Historical Observations 1836/12/3 1837/2/12
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12366 Uncertain Eruption 2 SE side summit dome 1903
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12367 Confirmed Eruption 1 ESE side, Napoléon Crater Historical Observations 1956/10/19 1956/10/27
360060 Soufriere Guadeloupe 12368 Confirmed Eruption 2 SE side of summit (Gouffre Tarissan) Historical Observations 1976/7/8 1977/3/1
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: La Soufrière South Crater (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: La Soufrière volcano in Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles arc) is the youngest volcanic relief topping a far larger (~16 km3) and long-lived active volcanic complex, the Grande Découverte–Soufrière composite volcano, located in the southern part of Basse Terre island. It consists of an ~0.05 km3 lava dome that was emplaced during the final stage of the last magmatic eruption in 1530 AD. Since then, intense hydrothermal activity (fumaroles, solfataras, hot springs) has persisted on and around the lava dome, and six series of phreatic eruptions happened, the most recent one in 1976–1977. This activity represents the surface expression of a well-developed hydrothermal system that receives heat and gas fromamagma reservoir probably confined at 6–7 km depth beneath the summit.
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe
Country: Guadeloupe
Volcanic Complex: La Soufrière
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
La Soufriere's South Crater_27032006 Detail CO2 2.8 0 Mg/d
La Soufriere's South Crater_27032006 Detail SO2 0.04 0 Mg/d
La Soufriere's South Crater_27032006 Detail H2S 1.1 0 Mg/d
La Soufriere's South Crater_07032012 Detail CO2 9 0 Mg/d
La Soufriere's South Crater_07032012 Detail SO2 0.19 0 Mg/d
La Soufriere's South Crater_07032012 Detail H2S 2.8 0 Mg/d
Gas Temperature Data:
Measurement Name Detail Temperature Unit of Measure
La Soufriere's South Crater_27032006 Detail 108.5 °C

Location: La Soufrière Ty fault (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: In addition to fumarolic emissions, intense diffuse soil degassing has been recognized at the southeastern base of La Soufrière lava dome, in a hydrothermal area aligned on the Ty fault volcano-tectonic structure that cuts the dome.
Hazard Description: not reporetd
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe
Country: Guadeloupe
Volcanic Complex: La Soufrière
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
La Soufriere_Ty fault_27032006 Detail CO2 0.3 0 Mg/d