Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Brennisteinsfjoll
The Brennisteinsfjöll volcanic system, located east of Kleifarvatn lake, consists of a series of NE-SW-trending crater rows and small shield volcanoes. Brennisteinsfjöll is seen here in an aerial view from the south with youthful light-colored lava flows spilling over an E-W-trending coastal scarp. An eruption in 1000 CE was dated by its occurrence at the time of a meeting of the Icelandic outdoor parliament at Thingvellier. The most recent eruption at Brennisteinsfjöll took place in the 14th century. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1983 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:371040
Volcano Name:Brennisteinsfjoll
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Crater rows
Last Eruption:1341
Elevation:610m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:33526
Pop. within 10km:33526
Pop. within 30km:163469
Pop. within 100km:203012
Latitude:63.933
Longitude:-21.783



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 12511 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kista (Breiddalshraun) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 910
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 12512 Confirmed Eruption 2 Rjupnadyngjur Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 950
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 12513 Confirmed Eruption 0 Eldborg at Lambafell Historical Observations 1000/6/25
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 12514 Confirmed Eruption 2 Kongsfell Tephrochronology 1200
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 12515 Confirmed Eruption 2 Grafeldur (Selvogshraun) Historical Observations 1341
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 19930 Confirmed Eruption 0 Heidin Há Tephrochronology -9000
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 19931 Confirmed Eruption 0 Leitin Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -2660
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 19932 Confirmed Eruption 2 Eldborg at Brennisteinsfjöllum Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -1040
371040 Brennisteinsfjoll 19933 Confirmed Eruption 2 Tvibollar Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 875
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
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Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.