Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Katla
Katla volcano, located near the southern end of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, is mostly hidden beneath the Myrdalsjökull icecap, which extends across the top of the photo. Valley glaciers descend from the summit icecap toward the coastal plain in this aerial view from the SSW. Explosive eruptions from Katla, among the largest tephra-producers in Iceland during historical time, have frequently been accompanied by damaging jökulhlaups, or glacier-outburst floods. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1985 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:372030
Volcano Name:Katla
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Subglacial
Last Eruption:1918
Elevation:1490m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:473
Pop. within 100km:11326
Latitude:63.633
Longitude:-19.083



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
372030 Katla 12564 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -6380
372030 Katla 12565 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -6230
372030 Katla 12566 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -6200
372030 Katla 12567 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -6170
372030 Katla 12568 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -6050
372030 Katla 12569 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5960
372030 Katla 12570 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5890
372030 Katla 12571 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5850
372030 Katla 12572 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5730
372030 Katla 12573 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5720
372030 Katla 12574 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5710
372030 Katla 12575 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5630
372030 Katla 12576 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer A9 Tephrochronology -5560
372030 Katla 12577 Confirmed Eruption NE flank Tephrochronology -5550
372030 Katla 12578 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5470
372030 Katla 12579 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer A8 Tephrochronology -5460
372030 Katla 12580 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5360
372030 Katla 12581 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5230
372030 Katla 12582 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer A7 Tephrochronology -5180
372030 Katla 12583 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5070
372030 Katla 12584 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5040
372030 Katla 12585 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -5020
372030 Katla 12586 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4880
372030 Katla 12587 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4810
372030 Katla 12588 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4750
372030 Katla 12589 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4660
372030 Katla 12590 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4610
372030 Katla 12591 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4430
372030 Katla 12592 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4370
372030 Katla 12593 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4280
372030 Katla 12594 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4240
372030 Katla 12595 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4210
372030 Katla 12596 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -4060
372030 Katla 12597 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3930
372030 Katla 12598 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer A1 Tephrochronology -3810
372030 Katla 12599 Confirmed Eruption Tephra layer N1 Tephrochronology -3790
372030 Katla 12600 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3720
372030 Katla 12601 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3670
372030 Katla 12602 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3640
372030 Katla 12603 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3510
372030 Katla 12604 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3480
372030 Katla 12605 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3390
372030 Katla 12606 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3370
372030 Katla 12607 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3280
372030 Katla 12608 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -3180
372030 Katla 12609 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephra layer N2 Tephrochronology -2920
372030 Katla 12610 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2850
372030 Katla 12611 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2680
372030 Katla 12612 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2540
372030 Katla 12613 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2480
372030 Katla 12614 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2420
372030 Katla 12615 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2250
372030 Katla 12616 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2220
372030 Katla 12617 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2190
372030 Katla 12618 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2160
372030 Katla 12619 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2110
372030 Katla 12620 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2050
372030 Katla 12621 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2020
372030 Katla 12622 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -2000
372030 Katla 12623 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1950
372030 Katla 12624 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer N4 Radiocarbon (corrected) -1920
372030 Katla 12625 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1910
372030 Katla 12626 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1850
372030 Katla 12627 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1700
372030 Katla 12628 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1670
372030 Katla 12629 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1640
372030 Katla 12630 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1540
372030 Katla 12631 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer LN Radiocarbon (corrected) -1440
372030 Katla 12632 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1290
372030 Katla 12633 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1280
372030 Katla 12634 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephra layer MN Radiocarbon (corrected) -1220
372030 Katla 12635 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1190
372030 Katla 12636 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -1160
372030 Katla 12637 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -990
372030 Katla 12638 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -920
372030 Katla 12639 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -860
372030 Katla 12640 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephra layer UN Radiocarbon (corrected) -850
372030 Katla 12641 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -780
372030 Katla 12642 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -740
372030 Katla 12643 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -700
372030 Katla 12644 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -650
372030 Katla 12645 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -600
372030 Katla 12646 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -560
372030 Katla 12647 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -550
372030 Katla 12648 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -530
372030 Katla 12649 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -430
372030 Katla 12650 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -370
372030 Katla 12651 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -250
372030 Katla 12652 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology -80
372030 Katla 12653 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 30
372030 Katla 12654 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 130
372030 Katla 12655 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 200
372030 Katla 12656 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 260
372030 Katla 12657 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephra layer YN Radiocarbon (uncorrected) 270
372030 Katla 12658 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 290
372030 Katla 12659 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 400
372030 Katla 12660 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 500
372030 Katla 12661 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 540
372030 Katla 12662 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 590
372030 Katla 12664 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 610
372030 Katla 12665 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 680
372030 Katla 12666 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 1450
372030 Katla 12667 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephrochronology 1500
372030 Katla 12668 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephrochronology 1550
372030 Katla 12669 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1580/8/11
372030 Katla 12670 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1612/10/12
372030 Katla 12671 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 1625/9/2 1625/9/14
372030 Katla 12672 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1660/11/3 1661
372030 Katla 12673 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? Historical Observations 1721/5/11 1721/10/15
372030 Katla 12674 Confirmed Eruption 5 ? E-W fissure in center of caldera Historical Observations 1755/10/17 1756/2/13
372030 Katla 12675 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Arcuate fissure in south part of caldera Historical Observations 1823/6/26 1823/7/23
372030 Katla 12676 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1860/5/8 1860/5/27
372030 Katla 12677 Confirmed Eruption 4 + South side of caldera K-1918 Historical Observations 1918/10/12 1918/11/4
372030 Katla 12678 Uncertain Eruption 0 East side of caldera 1955/6/25
372030 Katla 12679 Uncertain Eruption 0 W, S, and E margins of caldera 1999/7/17 1999/8/15
372030 Katla 19934 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 780
372030 Katla 19935 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 820
372030 Katla 19936 Uncertain Eruption 904
372030 Katla 19937 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 920
372030 Katla 19938 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Eldgjá fissure system (NE flank) Ice Core 934 940
372030 Katla 19939 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 950
372030 Katla 19940 Confirmed Eruption 3 Tephrochronology 960
372030 Katla 19942 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 1150
372030 Katla 19943 Confirmed Eruption 3 Historical Observations 1177
372030 Katla 19944 Confirmed Eruption 4 Tephrochronology 1210
372030 Katla 19945 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1245
372030 Katla 19946 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 1262
372030 Katla 19947 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1311/1/18
372030 Katla 19948 Confirmed Eruption 4 + SW of Kotlugja Historical Observations 1357
372030 Katla 19949 Confirmed Eruption 4 ? Historical Observations 1416
372030 Katla 19950 Confirmed Eruption 4 Historical Observations 1440
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.