Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Bardarbunga
The large central volcano of Bárdarbunga, seen here from the NW with Grímsvötn volcano in the background, lies beneath the NW Vatnajökull icecap and contains a 700-m-deep caldera. Related fissure systems, including the lengthy Veidivotn and Trollagigar fissures, have been the source of major Holocene eruptions. Along with neighboring Grímsvötn, Bárdarbunga is one of the most active volcanoes in SE Iceland. Jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods) from eruptions at Bárdarbunga potentially affect drainages in all directions. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1977 (Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:373030
Volcano Name:Bardarbunga
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2015
Elevation:2000m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:1348
Latitude:64.633
Longitude:-17.516



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
373030 Bardarbunga 12843 Confirmed Eruption Trölladyngja (Bardarhalshraun) Tephrochronology -7100
373030 Bardarbunga 12844 Confirmed Eruption Veidivötn (Haahraun, Botnahraun) Tephrochronology -7050
373030 Bardarbunga 12845 Confirmed Eruption Veidivötn (Thjorsarhraun) Radiocarbon (corrected) -6650
373030 Bardarbunga 12846 Confirmed Eruption Trölladyngja Tephrochronology -5000
373030 Bardarbunga 12847 Confirmed Eruption Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THc) Tephrochronology -4800
373030 Bardarbunga 12848 Confirmed Eruption Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THd) Tephrochronology -4600
373030 Bardarbunga 12849 Confirmed Eruption Veidivötn (Sigolduhraun, Kalfahraun) Tephrochronology -4550
373030 Bardarbunga 12850 Confirmed Eruption Veidvötn (Tungnaárhraun THe) Tephrochronology -4400
373030 Bardarbunga 12851 Confirmed Eruption Veidvötn (Sigolduhraun THf) Tephrochronology -4200
373030 Bardarbunga 12852 Confirmed Eruption Veidivötn (Burfellshraun, Drekahraun) Tephrochronology -1200
373030 Bardarbunga 12853 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Veidivötn (Tjorvahraun) Tephrochronology 150
373030 Bardarbunga 12854 Confirmed Eruption 4 Vatnaöldur Tephrochronology 870
373030 Bardarbunga 12855 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 880
373030 Bardarbunga 12856 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 940
373030 Bardarbunga 12857 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 1080
373030 Bardarbunga 12858 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1159
373030 Bardarbunga 12859 Confirmed Eruption Ice Core 1210
373030 Bardarbunga 12860 Confirmed Eruption 1 Frambuni Tephrochronology 1250
373030 Bardarbunga 12861 Confirmed Eruption Ice Core 1270
373030 Bardarbunga 12862 Confirmed Eruption Ice Core 1290
373030 Bardarbunga 12863 Confirmed Eruption Ice Core 1350
373030 Bardarbunga 12864 Confirmed Eruption Tephrochronology 1410
373030 Bardarbunga 12865 Confirmed Eruption 6 Veidivötn (Veidivatnahraun) Historical Observations 1477
373030 Bardarbunga 12866 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ice Core 1697
373030 Bardarbunga 12867 Confirmed Eruption 2 Volcano Uncertain: Dyngjuhals ? 1702
373030 Bardarbunga 12868 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1706
373030 Bardarbunga 12869 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1707
373030 Bardarbunga 12870 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1712/1/15
373030 Bardarbunga 12871 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1716/10/5
373030 Bardarbunga 12872 Confirmed Eruption 3 ? Historical Observations 1717/8/4 1717/9/17
373030 Bardarbunga 12873 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ice Core 1720
373030 Bardarbunga 12874 Confirmed Eruption 1 ? Dyngjujökull, Dyngjuhal ? Historical Observations 1726/2/1 1726/5/1
373030 Bardarbunga 12875 Confirmed Eruption 1 Volcano Uncertain: Dyngjuhals ? 1729
373030 Bardarbunga 12876 Confirmed Eruption 2 Ice Core 1739
373030 Bardarbunga 12877 Confirmed Eruption Ice Core 1750
373030 Bardarbunga 12878 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1766
373030 Bardarbunga 12879 Confirmed Eruption 2 Volcano Uncertain: Bárdarbunga or Grímsvötn 1769
373030 Bardarbunga 12880 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1794
373030 Bardarbunga 12881 Confirmed Eruption Volcano Uncertain 1797
373030 Bardarbunga 12882 Uncertain Eruption NW-Vatnajökull 1807
373030 Bardarbunga 12883 Confirmed Eruption 2 Trollagigar Historical Observations 1862/6/30 1864/10/15
373030 Bardarbunga 12884 Confirmed Eruption Volcano Uncertain: Dyngjuhals ? 1872
373030 Bardarbunga 12885 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? Volcano Uncertain: Dyngjuhals ? 1902 1903
373030 Bardarbunga 12886 Confirmed Eruption 2 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) Historical Observations 1910/6/18 1910
373030 Bardarbunga 12887 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) 1986/11/29 1986/12/1
373030 Bardarbunga 12888 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) 1991/8/12
373030 Bardarbunga 12889 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) 1995/7/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12890 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron) 1996/8/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12891 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) 1997/8/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12892 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (W and E Loki cauldrons) 2000/8/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12893 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (W and E Loki cauldrons) 2002/7/16 2002/9/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12894 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron) 2005/7/16 2005/8/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12895 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (East Loki cauldron) 2006/4/16
373030 Bardarbunga 12896 Uncertain Eruption 0 Loki-Fögrufjöll (West Loki cauldron) 2008/8/16
373030 Bardarbunga 20955 Confirmed Eruption 0 Holuhraun Historical Observations 2014/8/29 2015/2/27
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
359 11800 2014/08/31 2014/08/31


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.