Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Askja
Askja is a large central volcano that forms the Dyngjufjöll massif. It is truncated by three calderas, the largest of which is 8 km wide. This view from the SE looks across Öskjuvatn lake, which fills the youngest caldera. It formed in 1875 during Askja's largest historical eruption and truncates a larger caldera, whose wall is seen in the distance above the lava-covered caldera floor. The 100-km-long Askja fissure swarm, which includes the Sveinagjá graben, is also related to the Askja volcanic system. Photo by Michael Ryan, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:373060
Volcano Name:Askja
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1961
Elevation:1080m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:13028
Latitude:65.033
Longitude:-16.783



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
373060 Askja 12904 Confirmed Eruption 5 SE part of Askja caldera Radiocarbon (corrected) -8910
373060 Askja 12905 Confirmed Eruption 0 Flatadyngja, other areas NE of Dyngjufjöll Tephrochronology -2050
373060 Askja 12906 Confirmed Eruption 0 Litladynga and Askja Tephrochronology -1250
373060 Askja 12907 Confirmed Eruption 1 South of Dyngjufjöll Ytri Tephrochronology 1300
373060 Askja 12908 Confirmed Eruption 0 Holuhraun Historical Observations 1797
373060 Askja 12911 Confirmed Eruption 5 Öskjuvatn Caldera, Viti, Sveinagja Historical Observations 1875/1/1 1875/10/17
373060 Askja 12912 Confirmed Eruption 2 Dyngjufjöll Historical Observations 1919
373060 Askja 12913 Confirmed Eruption 0 NE caldera wall, 0.6 km SE of Viti Historical Observations 1921
373060 Askja 12914 Confirmed Eruption 0 1 km SW of Öskjuvatn Caldera Historical Observations 1922
373060 Askja 12915 Confirmed Eruption 0 SE corner of Öskjuvatn Caldera Historical Observations 1923/1/15
373060 Askja 12916 Confirmed Eruption 0 ? South flank of Dyngjufjöll massif Historical Observations 1924
373060 Askja 12917 Confirmed Eruption 2 ? South end of Öskjuvatn lake Historical Observations 1926/7/15
373060 Askja 12918 Confirmed Eruption 2 South shore of Öskjuvatn lake Historical Observations 1938/12/19
373060 Askja 12919 Confirmed Eruption 2 North of Öskjuvatn lake (Vikraborgir) Historical Observations 1961/10/26 1961/12/5
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.