Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Oraefajokull
Öræfajökull, Iceland's highest peak, is viewed here from the west, with the Svinafellsjökull glacier (left) descending from the central icecap nearly to the coastal road. A 4 x 5 km subglacial caldera truncates the summit, which rises to 2119 m about 10 km NW of the Atlantic Ocean shoreline. A major silicic eruption in 1362 was the largest in Iceland during historical time. It and another eruption during 1727-28 were accompanied by major jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) that caused property damage and fatalities. Photo by Oddur Sigurdsson, 1986, (Orkustofnon, Icelandic National Energy Authority).
Volcano Number:374010
Volcano Name:Oraefajokull
Country:Iceland
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:1728
Elevation:2010m
Tectonic Setting:Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:2
Pop. within 30km:367
Pop. within 100km:2723
Latitude:64.05
Longitude:-16.633



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
374010 Oraefajokull 12958 Confirmed Eruption 5 Historical Observations 1362/6/5 1362/10/15
374010 Oraefajokull 12959 Confirmed Eruption 4 Caldera, west flank (to 1100 m) Historical Observations 1727/8/3 1728/5/1
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the MaGa database.