Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Hierro
The massive Hierro shield volcano is truncated by a large NW-facing escarpment, seen here from the east, which formed as a result of gravitational collapse of the volcano. The steep-sided 1500-m-high scarp towers above a low lava platform bordering 12-km-wide El Golfo Bay, which is barely visible at the extreme left. Holocene cones and flows are found both on the outer flanks and in the El Golfo depression. The latest eruption, during the 18th century, produced a lava flow from a cinder cone on the NW side of El Golfo. Photo by Yasuo Miyabuchi, 1997 (Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Kyushu).
Volcano Number:383020
Volcano Name:Hierro
Country:Spain
Volcano Type:Shield
Last Eruption:2012
Elevation:1500m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Oceanic crust (< 15 km)
Pop. within 5km:20321
Pop. within 10km:20321
Pop. within 30km:20321
Pop. within 100km:43696
Latitude:27.73
Longitude:-18.03



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
383020 Hierro 13059 Confirmed Eruption Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -4790
383020 Hierro 13060 Confirmed Eruption East flank (Soliman) Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -950
383020 Hierro 13061 Confirmed Eruption Montañas Chamuscada-Entremontañas Radiocarbon (uncorrected) -550
383020 Hierro 13062 Uncertain Eruption 1677
383020 Hierro 13063 Uncertain Eruption 1692
383020 Hierro 13064 Uncertain Eruption 0 ? NW rift (Volcán de Lomo Negro)? 1793 1793
383020 Hierro 20769 Confirmed Eruption 2 Submarine S flank Historical Observations 2011/10/10 2012/3/5
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal
Sorry. No data exist for this volcano in the EarthChem Portal.


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: El Hierro (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: El Hierro Island experienced a seismic-volcanic crisis from July 2011 culminating with an underwater eruption on 12 October 2011. As no visible emanations occur at the surface environment of El Hierro, diffuse degassing studies have become the most useful geochemical tool to monitor the volcanic activity in this volcanic island.
Hazard Description: not reported
Type: soil_diffuse_emission
Region: Canary Islands, Spain
Country: Spain
Volcanic Complex: El Hierro
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
El Hierro_01071998 Detail CO2 701 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_01092001 Detail CO2 879 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_01092003 Detail CO2 507 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_01122004 Detail CO2 1434 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_01082005 Detail CO2 798 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_23072006 Detail CO2 1111 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_05082007 Detail CO2 544 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_24082008 Detail CO2 593 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_30082009 Detail CO2 358 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_01092010 Detail CO2 829 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_22072011 Detail CO2 619 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_30072011 Detail CO2 625 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_22082011 Detail CO2 331 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_03092011 Detail CO2 443 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_16092011 Detail CO2 380 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_26092011 Detail CO2 990 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_06102011 Detail CO2 638 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_15102011 Detail CO2 914 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_23102011 Detail CO2 1044 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_30102011 Detail CO2 1316 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_05112011 Detail CO2 1665 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_13112011 Detail CO2 2143 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_24112011 Detail CO2 771 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_04122011 Detail CO2 689 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_13122011 Detail CO2 903 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_03012012 Detail CO2 863 0 Mg/d
El Hierro_30012012 Detail CO2 768 0 Mg/d