Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Fogo
The massive 9-km-wide, horseshoe-shaped Cha caldera truncates the summit of Fogo stratovolcano, the most prominent in the Cape Verde islands. An ash plume (center) rises from the western flank of a steep-sided central cone, Pico, that rises more than 1 km above the caldera floor to form the 2829 m high point of the island. Pico, which is capped by a 500-m-wide, 150-m-deep summit crater, was apparently in almost continuous activity from the time of Portuguese settlement in 1500 CE until about 1760. Photo by Dick Moore, 1995 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:384010
Volcano Name:Fogo
Country:Cape Verde
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2015
Elevation:2829m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Intermediate crust (15-25 km)
Pop. within 5km:189
Pop. within 10km:13254
Pop. within 30km:37650
Pop. within 100km:267298
Latitude:14.95
Longitude:-24.35



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
384010 Fogo 10362 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1816/12/31
384010 Fogo 13128 Confirmed Eruption 1 Pico Historical Observations 1500 1761
384010 Fogo 13129 Confirmed Eruption SW side Historical Observations 1769
384010 Fogo 13130 Confirmed Eruption 2 North caldera floor Historical Observations 1785/1/24 1785/2/25
384010 Fogo 13131 Confirmed Eruption 2 North caldera floor Historical Observations 1799/6/2 1799/6/28
384010 Fogo 13132 Confirmed Eruption 2 North caldera floor Historical Observations 1847/4/9 1847/5/2
384010 Fogo 13133 Confirmed Eruption 2 NNW caldera floor Historical Observations 1852/2/19 1852/3/30
384010 Fogo 13134 Confirmed Eruption 2 SSE caldera floor Historical Observations 1857/6/27 1857/12/15
384010 Fogo 13135 Confirmed Eruption Historical Observations 1909
384010 Fogo 13136 Confirmed Eruption 2 Northwest and south caldera floor Historical Observations 1951/6/12 1951/8/21
384010 Fogo 13137 Confirmed Eruption 2 WSW flank of Pico Historical Observations 1995/4/2 1995/5/26
384010 Fogo 20977 Confirmed Eruption 3 WSW base of Pico Historical Observations 2014/11/23 2015/2/8
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Emission ID SO2 Kilotons Start Date End Date
363 382 2014/11/23 2014/11/23


Data from the Earthchem Portal