Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Details for: Erebus
Mount Erebus, the world's southernmost historically active volcano, is viewed here from the SW, near the McMurdo research station on Ross Island. The 3794-m-high Erebus is capped by an elliptical 500 x 600 m wide, 110-m-deep summit crater that contains an active lava lake. The glacier-covered volcano was erupting when first sighted by Captain James Ross in 1841. Continuous lava-lake activity has been documented since 1972, punctuated by occasional strombolian explosions that eject bombs onto the crater rim. Photo by Richard Waitt, 1972 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Volcano Number:390020
Volcano Name:Erebus
Country:Antarctica
Volcano Type:Stratovolcano
Last Eruption:2019
Elevation:3794m
Tectonic Setting:Intraplate / Continental crust (> 25 km)
Pop. within 5km:0
Pop. within 10km:0
Pop. within 30km:0
Pop. within 100km:0
Latitude:-77.53
Longitude:167.17



Eruption Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution
Volcano Number Volcano Name Eruption Number Activity Type Explosivity Index Max Explosivity Index Modifier Activity Area Activity Unit Start Evidence Method Start Date End Date
390020 Erebus 13104 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1947
390020 Erebus 13105 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1955/7/2
390020 Erebus 13149 Confirmed Eruption 0 North flank (Lower Hut lava flow) Surface Exposure -2950
390020 Erebus 13150 Confirmed Eruption 0 Western Crater (Upper Ice Tower flow) Ar/Ar -2050
390020 Erebus 13151 Confirmed Eruption 0 Northwest lava flow Ar/Ar 950
390020 Erebus 13152 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1841/1/28 1841
390020 Erebus 13153 Uncertain Eruption 2 1900
390020 Erebus 13154 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1903/1/1
390020 Erebus 13155 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1908 1908
390020 Erebus 13156 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1911 1911
390020 Erebus 13157 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1911
390020 Erebus 13158 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1912/12/12
390020 Erebus 13159 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1915/3/22
390020 Erebus 13160 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1915
390020 Erebus 13161 Confirmed Eruption 1 Historical Observations 1972/1/3
390020 Erebus 13162 Confirmed Eruption 2 Historical Observations 1972/12/16 2019/7/8
390020 Erebus 14127 Uncertain Eruption 1957/7/2 1958/7/2
390020 Erebus 19977 Confirmed Eruption 0 NNW flank Nausea Knob lava flow Ar/Ar -8050
390020 Erebus 19978 Confirmed Eruption 0 NW flank Tramway lava flow Ar/Ar -7050
390020 Erebus 19979 Confirmed Eruption 0 NE flank Surface Exposure -4550
390020 Erebus 19980 Confirmed Eruption 0 Lower Ice Tower Ridge, S lava flows Surface Exposure -4050
390020 Erebus 20616 Confirmed Eruption 0 Historical Observations 1963/11/16
Emissions Data from the Global Volcanism Program of the Smithsonian Institution No emissions data found for this volcano.


Data from the Earthchem Portal


Data from the SESAR Database


Data from the MaGa Database
Location: Erebus (View Details at MaGa DB)
Description: Mount Erebus is currently the most active volcano in Antarctica and is the current eruptive zone of the Erebus hotspot. The summit contains two persistent convecting phonolitic lava lakes. Characteristic eruptive activity consists of Strombolian eruptions from the lava lake or from one of several subsidiary vents, all lying within the volcano's inner crater.
Hazard Description: n.d.
Type: volcanic_plume
Region: Castle Rock Loop, McMurdo Station, Antarctica
Country: Antarctica
Volcanic Complex: Erebus
Gas Flux Data:
Measurement Name Detail Specie Flux Std. Dev. Unit of Measure
Erebus volcano_17121997 Detail CO2 2013 0 Mg/d
Erebus volcano_16012001 Detail CO2 1915 0 Mg/d
Erebus volcano_18121997 Detail CO2 1850 0 Mg/d
Mt.Erebus_16122004 Detail CO2 1330 0 Mg/d
Mt.Erebus_16122004 Detail SO2 74 0 Mg/d
Mt.Erebus_16122004 Detail H2O 864 0 Mg/d